Edward Clive (British Army general)

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Edward Henry Clive
Born (1837-09-23)23 September 1837
Died 1 March 1916(1916-03-01) (aged 78)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1854–1898
Rank General
Commands held Staff College, Sandhurst
Royal Military College, Sandhurst

General Edward Henry Clive, DL, JP (23 September 1837 – 1 March 1916) was a British soldier and Liberal politician, the son of George Clive and Ann Sybella Martha, daughter of Sir Thomas Farquhar, 2nd Baronet.[1]

Military career[edit]

Educated at Harrow,[2] Clive was commissioned as an ensign in the Rifle Brigade on 18 August 1854[3] and then transferred to the Grenadier Guards as ensign and lieutenant on 8 December that year.[4] He served in the Eastern campaign from 1855 to 1856, after the fall of Sevastopol; this was his only war service.[5] He was appointed an Instructor of Musketry in his regiment on 30 April 1857[6] and purchased his promotion to lieutenant and captain on 17 July.[7] He was promoted to captain and lieutenant-colonel, again by purchase, on 8 March 1864,[8] and on completion of the qualifying period of service was granted brevet rank as colonel on 4 March 1876.[9] He became major in the Grenadier Guards on 11 October 1879[10] and lieutenant-colonel on 7 August 1880,[11] and commanded the regiment from 1880[2] until he was placed on half-pay, 27 July 1885,[12][13] and granted local rank as a brigadier-general while commanding the Brigade of Guards in Cyprus.[14]

Clive was appointed Commandant at the Staff College, Sandhurst, on 21 December 1885[15] and was promoted to major-general on 26 December.[16] He became Governor and Commandant of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst on 12 August 1888,[17] remaining in that post until 1893.[18] He was promoted lieutenant-general on 1 April 1892[19] and general on 12 January 1898,[20] and retired on 19 December 1898.[21] On 30 December 1906 he was made colonel of the King's (Liverpool Regiment).[22]

Political career[edit]

Clive succeeded his father (who had been unseated on petition) as Member of Parliament for Hereford in 1869, but only held the seat until 1871,[1] when he resigned through appointment as Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds. He never returned to the House of Commons. He was also a Deputy Lieutenant of Herefordshire[23] and County Mayo, and Justice of the Peace for Herefordshire and County Mayo.[2]

Family[edit]

Clive married Isabel, daughter of Daniel Hale Webb, in 1867.[1] They had five sons, including Sir Sidney Clive, and four daughters.[1] Clive lived at 25 Ennismore Gardens, SW; at Perrystone Court, Ross; and at Ballycroy, County Mayo. He was a member of the United Service Club and the Travellers' Club.[2] He died in March 1916, aged 78.[1] His wife survived him by six years and died in April 1922.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Profile, ThePeerage.com; accessed May 17, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Clive, Gen. Edward Henry" in Who Was Who, vol. II, p. 206.
  3. ^ "No. 21584". The London Gazette. 18 August 1854. p. 2566. 
  4. ^ "No. 21638". The London Gazette. 8 December 1854. p. 3989. 
  5. ^ Hart's Army List for 1898, p. 10, n. 82.
  6. ^ "No. 22004". The London Gazette. 22 May 1857. p. 1805. 
  7. ^ "No. 22022". The London Gazette. 17 July 1857. p. 2478. 
  8. ^ "No. 22829". The London Gazette. 8 March 1864. p. 1429. 
  9. ^ "No. 24310". The London Gazette. 31 March 1876. p. 2216. 
  10. ^ "No. 24777". The London Gazette. 31 October 1879. p. 6186. 
  11. ^ "No. 24876". The London Gazette. 24 August 1880. p. 4624. 
  12. ^ "No. 25504". The London Gazette. 25 August 1885. p. 3990. 
  13. ^ "No. 25507". The London Gazette. 1 September 1885. p. 4132. 
  14. ^ "No. 25502". The London Gazette. 18 August 1885. p. 3851. 
  15. ^ "No. 25537". The London Gazette. 8 December 1885. p. 5936. 
  16. ^ "No. 25550". The London Gazette. 19 January 1886. p. 269. 
  17. ^ "No. 25852". The London Gazette. 4 September 1888. p. 4736. 
  18. ^ "No. 26474". The London Gazette. 9 January 1894. p. 176. 
  19. ^ "No. 26277". The London Gazette. 12 April 1892. p. 2168. 
  20. ^ "No. 26936". The London Gazette. 8 February 1898. p. 769. 
  21. ^ "No. 27034". The London Gazette. 20 December 1898. p. 8187. 
  22. ^ "No. 27990". The London Gazette. 29 January 1907. p. 660. 
  23. ^ "No. 26109". The London Gazette. 25 November 1890. p. 6464. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Clive
John William Shaw Wylie
Member of Parliament for Hereford
1869–1871
With: Chandos Wren-Hoskyns
Succeeded by
Chandos Wren-Hoskyns
George Arbuthnot
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Creagh-Osborne
Commandant of the Staff College, Sandhurst
1885–1888
Succeeded by
Francis Clery
Preceded by
David Anderson (Governor)
Aylmer Cameron (Commandant)
Governor and Commandant of the Royal Military College Sandhurst
1888–1893
Succeeded by
Sir Cecil East
Honorary titles
Preceded by
George Edward Baynes
Colonel of the King's (Liverpool Regiment)
1906–1916
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Mackinnon