|Born||January 7, 1926|
|Died||7 January 2012(aged 86)|
|Title||Woman International Master (1957)|
Elaine Zelia Pritchard (7 January 1926 – 7 January 2012), née Saunders, was an English chess player who holds the title of Woman International Master (WIM, 1957). She was a four-time winner of the British Women's Chess Championship (1939, 1946, 1956, 1965).
Learned to play chess at the age of five. She's known for being a child prodigy. For two consecutive years, she won the World Girl Chess Championships (1936, 1937), and also successfully participated in simultaneous exhibitions against Alexander Alekhine and Rudolf Spielmann.
Later, for decades, she has been among England's leading women chess players. Elaine Pritchard four times won the British Women's Chess Championships (1939, 1946 — after winning an additional match against Rowena Mary Bruce, 1956, 1965).
- In 1957, at first board in the 1st Chess Olympiad (women) in Emmen (+6, =4, -4),
- In 1972, at second board in the 5th Chess Olympiad (women) in Skopje (+1, =2, -4),
- In 1974, at second board in the 6th Chess Olympiad (women) in Medellín (+4, =2, -2),
- In 1976, at second board in the 7th Chess Olympiad (women) in Haifa (+4, =2, -2) and won the team silver medal,
- In 1978, at second board in the 8th Chess Olympiad (women) in Buenos Aires (+2, =3, -1).
In 1957, she was awarded the FIDE International Women Master (WIM) title. She was author of two chess books and an Honorary Life Member of the English Chess Federation.
- Elaine Pritchard. Chess For Pleasure. London. 1971. ISBN 9780571092017
- Elaine Pritchard. Young Chess Player. London. 1976. ISBN 9780571105670
- "Chess Prodigies by Edward Winter". www.chesshistory.com.
- "Rudolf Spielmann vs Elaine Saunders Pritchard (1938)". www.chessgames.com.
- "BritBase Chess: 33rd British Championship 1946, Nottingham". www.saund.co.uk.
- "John Saunders's Chess Pages: British Chess Champions, 1904 to present". www.saund.co.uk.
- Bartelski, Wojciech. "OlimpBase :: Women's Chess Olympiads :: Elaine Pritchard". www.olimpbase.org.
- "Elaine Zelia Pritchard RIP – English Chess Federation". www.englishchess.org.uk.