An electromagnetic cavity is a cavity that acts as a container for electromagnetic fields such as photons, in effect containing their wave function inside. The size of the cavity determines the maximum photon wavelength that can be trapped. Additionally, it produces quantized energy levels for trapped charged particles like electrons and protons. The earth's magnetic field in effect places the earth in an electromagnetic cavity.
Physical description of electromagnetic cavities
Electromagnetic cavities are represented by potential wells, also called boxes, which can be of limited or unlimited depth V0.
with the additional boundary conditions
- the wave function is confined to the box (infinite deep potential well) or approaches zero as the distance from the wall increases to infinity, thus normalisable
- the wave function must be continuous
- the derivative of the wave function must be continuous
which leads to real solutions for the wave functions if the net energy of the particle is negative., i.e. if the particle is in a bound state.
Applications of electromagnetic cavities
Electrons which are trapped in an electromagnetic cavity are in a bound state and thus organise themselves as they do in a regular atom, thus expressing chemical-like behaviour. Several researchers have proposed to develop programmable matter by varying the number of trapped electrons in those cavities.
The discrete energy levels of electromagnetic cavities are exploited to produce photons of desired frequencies and thus are essential for nano- or submicrometre-scale laser devices.
- "Ultimate Alchemy", Wired, Issue 9.10, Oct 2001. Retrieved 23 October 2012
|This physics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|