Dwarf coqui

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Dwarf coqui
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Eleutherodactylidae
Genus: Eleutherodactylus
Subgenus: Eleutherodactylus
Species: E. unicolor
Binomial name
Eleutherodactylus unicolor
Stejneger, 1904

Euhyas unicolor (Stejneger, 1904)

The dwarf coqui or elfin coqui (Eleutherodactylus unicolor, in Spanish coquí duende) is a species of frog endemic to Puerto Rico.[2] It is placed in the subgenus Eleutherodactylus.[3]


The dwarf coqui is a small frog with a grayish-brown back, a black-mask like face, and a series of light dots that follow through to the posterior of the frog.[4] The females have a light line across the eyelids and usually have “white dots along the face, flanks, forelimbs, and thighs.”[4] The Eleutherodactylus species do not have webbed feet. These frogs, especially the dwarf coqui, have individual, finger-like feet, with round, disc-like toes.[4] E. coqui is often referred to as the “coqui,” which originates from its distinctive call.[5] The “coqui” frogs are known for the unusual sounds they make. “The call of the dwarf coqui has been compared to the sound of a fingernail being dragged across the teeth of a comb or the winding of a watch.”[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Neftali Rios-López (2008). Eleutherodactylus unicolor. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Eleutherodactylus unicolor Stejneger, 1904". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Heinicke, M. P.; Duellman, W. E.; Hedges, S. B. (2007). "Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104 (24): 10092 Data Supplement. doi:10.1073/pnas.0611051104. PMC 1891260Freely accessible. PMID 17548823. 
  4. ^ a b c d Mowbray, Alan. “Wildlife Facts – October 2006 – Dwarf Coqui.” US Forest Service. October. 2006. Web. 2 March. 2010.
  5. ^ Beard, Karen H., Price, Emily A. and Pitt, William C. (2009). "Biology and impacts of Pacific island invasive species. 5. Eleutherodactylus coqui, the coqui frog (Anura: Lepftodactylidae)" (PDF). Pacific Science. 63 (3): 297–316. doi:10.2984/049.063.0301.