The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The Elfin-woods Warbler
), or Reinita de Bosque Enano
), is a bird endemic
to the Caribbean
island of Puerto Rico
where it is a local and uncommon species. Discovered in 1968 and described in 1972, it is the most recently described species of New World warbler
(Parulidae family). The species name, angelae
, is a tribute to Angela Kepler
, one of its discoverers. It is an insectivore
, feeding by gleaning small insects off leaves and foraging
the middle canopy
for insects. Its song and call
are difficult to hear, described as "a single, short, metallic chip
". The Elfin-woods Warbler breeds from March to June, and both parents are involved in the construction of the nest and in feeding the chicks.
Due to its small populations and restricted habitats, conservation efforts were begun in 1982 to protect this species but, as of 2005, the warbler was still in need of protection. The species is not in immediate danger as the majority of its habitat is protected forest, but introduced species, such as rats and mongooses, habitat reduction, and natural disasters represent potential threats to the population, with last estimates pointing to 600 mature individuals. (more...)
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for August
- August 2, 1797 - The Municipality of Juncos was founded.
- August 4, 1909 - Birth of Manuel Méndez Ballester, journalist, radio and television broadcaster, and teacher (d. 2002)
- August 5, 1898 - American troops arrive and capture the town of Guayama, an event known as the Battle of Guayama.
- August 8, 1508 - The first settlement on the island, Caparra, is established by Juan Ponce de León.
- August 8, 1511 - Pope Julius II established the first Roman Catholic diocese in Puerto Rico, one of the first three in the entire New World.
- August 9, 1898 - The town of Coamo is besieged and subsequently seized by American troops in the Battle of Coamo.
- August 9, 1898 - American troops face small remnants of Spain's 6th Provisional Battalion at the Guamani River, an event known as the Battle of Guamani.
- August 10, 1815 - The Royal Decree of Grace was issued, allowing foreigners to enter Puerto Rico and opening the port to trade with nations other than Spain.
- August 10, 1898 - American troops face Spanish soldiers in Hormigueros in the Battle of Silva Heights.
- August 10, 1966 - Birth of Juan Rivera, professional wrestler
- August 11, 1815 - The Municipality of Adjuntas was founded.
- August 11, 1903 - Death of Eugenio María de Hostos, educator and independence advocate (b. 1839)
- August 12, 1898 - The Battle of Aibonito Pass, the last battle of the Puerto Rican Campaign of the Spanish–American War, occurred.
- August 17, 1773 - The Municipality of Cayey was founded.
- August 18, 1934 - Birth of Roberto Clemente, Major League Baseball player and first Hispanic American to be selected to the Hall of Fame (d. 1972)
- August 25, 1928 - Birth of Miguel Ángel Álvarez, also known as "El Men", comedian and actor.
- August 27, 1974 - Birth of José Vidro, Mayor League Baseball designated hitter
- August 28, 1957 - Birth of Luis Guzmán, actor
- ...that the myth of the Chupacabra has its origins in Puerto Rico?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
(March 23, 1913 - November 17, 1979) was a Puerto Rican
. Competing in the bantamweight
division, he became Puerto Rico
's first world champion. Escobar was born in Barceloneta
and raised in San Juan. There he received his primary education and took interest in boxing. After gathering a record of 21-1-1 as an amateur, Escobar debuted as a professional in 1931 defeating Luis "Kid Dominican" Pérez by knockout
. He eventually won the Montreal Athletic Commission World Bantamweight Title. In 1936, he defeated Tony Marino to unify this championship with the one recognized by the International Boxing Union
, in the process becoming the third Latin American undisputed world boxing champion. In 2002, Escobar was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame
If you want to sell your vote, go ahead; it's a free country. But be sure you get something for it... You can't get both justice and the two dollars.
—Luis Muñoz Marín, first elected Governor of Puerto Rico, commenting on Puerto Rican jíbaros accepting $2 bribes for their votes, quoted by TIME Magazine on March 31, 1941.
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