The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
Nutrition Assistance for Puerto Rico
is a federal assistance
nutritional program provided by the US Department of Agriculture
(USDA) solely to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
, a territory of the United States
. It provides over $1.5 billion in supplemental economic resources to just over 1 million impoverished residents to cope with their nutritional needs. The program is commonly known in Puerto Rico as Programa de Asistencia Nutricional
, or Cupones
, and is based on, though not directly part of the USDA’s national Food Stamp Program
Since its inception in 1982, the program has been providing low-income families living in Puerto Rico with cash benefits used for food purchases. Although the methods of providing such benefits have changed over the years, its basic objective of helping low-income families meet their nutritional needs has remained constant. It has, however, been controversial throughout its existence, attracting both criticism and advocacy from Puerto Rico and the United States. (more...)
Photo credit: USGS
The 1985 Mameyes landslide in Ponce was one of the worst landslide disasters in North American history. Caused by excessive rains, it destroyed more than 100 homes and killed anywhere from 129 to 300 residents.
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has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
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Selected anniversaries for October
- October 3, 1776 - The Municipality of Vega Baja was founded.
- October 5, 1893 - Banco Popular was established.
- October 11, 1918 - A 7.3 (Richter scale) earthquake occurred off the west coast of Puerto Rico, accompanied by a 6.1 m (20 ft) tsunami.
- October 13, 1981 - Birth of Ángel Figueroa, professional basketball player
- October 14, 1952 - Birth of Rick Aviles, comedian and actor (d. 1995)
- October 15, 1938 - Birth of Antonio R. Barceló, first PR Senate President and grandfather of Governor Carlos Romero Barceló (d. 1868)
- October 18, 1733 - The Municipality of Añasco was founded.
- October 21, 2003 - Death of Luis A. Ferré, third Governor of Puerto Rico (b. 1904)
- October 22, 1928 - Fi Sigma Alfa Fraternity is established at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus
- October 22, 1979 - Birth of Kermit Cintrón, professional boxer
- October 23, 1939 - Death of Antonio S. Pedreira, renowned author and educator (b. 1899)
- October 24, 1935 - The Río Piedras massacre occurred.
- October 24, 1994 - Death of Raúl Juliá, Golden Globe award winning screen and stage actor (b. 1940)
- October 25, 1852 - The Municipality of Santa Isabel was founded.
- October 27, 1880 - The Municipality of Culebra was founded.
- October 29, 1908 - Birth of Jaime Benítez, author, academic, politician (d. 2001)
- October 29, 1980 - Birth of Miguel Cotto, welterweight boxing champion
- October 30, 1950 - The Jayuya Uprising occurred.
- October 31, 1960 - Birth of Luis Fortuño, tenth Governor of Puerto Rico
- ...that Linda Garcia Cubero, USNA Class of 1980, is the first female Hispanic to graduate from a United States military academy?
- ...that Juan Mari Brás is the first and only person to receive a Puerto Rican citizenship certificate from the Puerto Rico State Department since the establishment of the Commonwealth in 1952, an action which has been since questioned by the United States Department of State?
- ...that after the United States, Puerto Rico is tied with Mexico in hosting the most Miss Universe contests and has the third most titleholders following the United States and Venezuela?
- ...that Wilfredo Gómez won thirty two straight fights by knockout thus making him the World Champion with the longest knockout streak in boxing history?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
I am concerned that many young people in this Hemisphere seem to envision the United States as a nation intoxicated by power, addicted to warfare, controlled by a military-industrial complex, and determined to preserve the status quo, that we are against rapid economic and social growth...
|— Luis A. Ferré, third elected Governor of Puerto Rico, 1971 National Governors Association Annual Meeting
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