The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
Rail transport in Puerto Rico
currently consists of a 10.7 mile (17.2 km) passenger metro
system in the island’s metropolitan area of San Juan
and a small cargo system in the southern city of Ponce
. Its history can be traced back to the mid-19th century with the construction of a limited passenger line in Mayagüez
. Between the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Puerto Rico's rail transport system expanded significantly, becoming one of the largest rail systems in the Caribbean at the time thanks to an economic boom
in agriculture industries, especially the sugar cane
industry. The rail system was expanded to include passenger travel with a direct line from the island's northern capital of San Juan
to the western and southern cities and towns, greatly improving travel and communication within the island. However, the entire system was soon overshadowed by the arrival of the automobile, and by the 1950s was completely abandoned. Small remnants of this system still exist in some parts of Puerto Rico, some conserved for tourism purposes. (more...
Photo credit: Mtmelendez
City halls in Puerto Rico, such as the one in Ponce, are usually the centerpieces of each Municipality's town center. Most are located across the town plaza, and are frequented by the public and tourists alike.
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for June
- June 4, 1870 - Moret Law was passed which granted freedom to slaves born after September 17, 1868
- June 4, 1918 - Birth of Noel Estrada, composer of En Mi Viejo San Juan (d. 1979)
- June 9, 1976 - Birth of Sharif Fajardo, member of the Puerto Rican national basketball team
- June 11, 1948 - Governor Jesus T. Piñero signed a law which made the public advocation of independence unlawful.
- June 12, 1826 - The Municipality of Comerío was founded.
- June 13, 1899 - Birth of Antonio S. Pedreira, author and educator (d. 1939)
- June 13, 1983 - Death of Alicia Moreda, television soap opera actress (b. 1912)
- June 15, 1598 - The Royal Navy, led by George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, landed troops from 21 ships to the east in Santurce with aims to overtake the city.
- June 16, 1944 - Death of Luis Llorens Torres, poet, journalist, playwright, and politician (b. 1876)
- June 16, 2005 - Death of Enrique Laguerre, writer and poet (b. 1905)
- June 17, 1833 - Birth of Francisco Oller, artist (d. 1917)
- June 18, 1984 - Birth of Wilfredo Vázquez, Jr., professional boxer
- June 21, 1939 - Birth of Rubén Berríos, president of the Puerto Rican Independence Party
- June 22, 1772 - The Municipality of Moca is founded.
- June 24, 1820 - The Municipality of Ciales was founded.
- June 25, 1972 - Birth of Carlos Delgado, Major League Baseball first baseman
- June 25, 1835 - Queen María Cristina abolished slave trade to Spanish colonies, which included Puerto Rico.
- June 26, 1983 - Death of Concha Melendez, educator, poet and writer (b. 1895)
- June 26, 1984 - Birth of José Juan Barea, professional basketball player
- June 28, 1968 - Birth of Chayanne (Elmer Figueroa Arce), Latin pop singer
- June 29, 1993 - Death of Héctor Lavoe, as a result of conplications of AIDS (b. 1946)
- June 30, 1823 - The Municipality of Hatillo was founded.
- June 30, 1960 - Birth of Lunna, pop and jazz singer
- June 30, 1979 - Birth of Rick Gonzalez, actor
- June 30, 1983 - Birth of Juan Manuel López professional boxer
- ...That on May 6, 2004, Joseph M. Acaba became the first person of Puerto Rican descent to become an astronaut and in the Fall of 2008, the first to go into space?
- ...that world renowned religious minister and member of the Honorary Committee of The Presidential Prayer Team, Rev. Nicky Cruz was once the leader of a notorious New York City street gang called The Mau Maus?
- ...that Carlos Beltrán has the smallest ratio of at-bats between home-runs in playoff contention in Major League Baseball's history with a total of eleven home-runs in twenty two games, and that he also holds the record of five consecutive playoff games with a home-run?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Félix 'Tito' Trinidad, Jr. (born January 10, 1973) is a Puerto Rican professional boxer, considered as one of the best boxers in that archipelago's history. When he was an amateur Trinidad won five National Amateur Championships in Puerto Rico. He debuted as a professional when he was 17 years old and won the first world championship in his career when he defeated Maurice Blocker for the International Boxing Federation's welterweight championship. During his career he fought Oscar De La Hoya winning the World Boxing Council's welterweight championship, Fernando Vargas in a unification fight where he won the International Boxing Federation's light middleweight title, and William Joppy for the World Boxing Association's middleweight championship. He lost to Bernard Hopkins, by technical knockout and retired for the first time. Trinidad returned to action in a fight against Ricardo Mayorga and following a fight against Winky Wright retired a second time. In 2008, he returned to the ring to fight Roy Jones, losing the contest by unanimous decision. (more...)
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