|Alihan Tora Sog'uniy|
|President of the Second East Turkestan Republic|
12 November 1944 – 16 June 1946
|Succeeded by||Ehmetjan Qasim|
|Born||21 March 1884
Tokmok, Russian Turkestan, Russian Empire
|Died||28 February 1976 (age 92)
Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
|Profession||Marshal of Ili National Army, Politician, Author, Poet, Historian, Head of Religious Group|
Elihan Tore Saghuniy (ʿAli Khan Türe or Alihan Tore Shakirjan Khoja ogli) (Uyghur: علیخان) Chinese: 艾力汗·吐烈; pinyin: Àilìhàn·Tǔliè Алихан -тюре (21 March 1884 – 28 February 1976) was president of the Second East Turkestan Republic.
In April 1944, Elihan Tore along with Abdulkerim Abbas and ten others formed a liberation organization in Ghulja (Yining) to free Xinjiang of Chinese Nationalist rule. On November 11, 1944, they launched the Ili Rebellion with the support of the Soviet Union.
Elihan Tore was elected as President of the Eastern Turkestan Republic (ETR) next day after victory of Revolt in Ghulja city on 12 November 1944. Had a military rank of Marshal of Ili National Army, formed on April 8, 1945.
On June 12, 1946, six days after signing in Urumchi of the " Peace Agreement " between representatives of Eastern Turkestan Republic and Kuomintang, that concluded the difficult eight months negotiations being started on October 14, 1945 under Soviets mediation with accordance of the offer of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to peacefully resolve " Sinkiang crisis ", he was forcibly brought back to the USSR by the KGB and confined here. The rest of his life he spent under house arrest in Tashkent, where he wrote a book Türkistan kaygısı (Turkistan Tragedy) about Xinjiang.
- Türkistan kaygısı, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, East Publishing House, 2003
- Tarihiy Muhammadiy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Publisher: Kutlukkhan Shakirov
- Drifter Saghuniy
- Meshrep Calendar Article
- About Historical Role And Significance Of Alikhan Tura In The Liberation Movement Of Eastern Turkistan