Elisaeus Adougan

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Elisaeus Adougan
Bishop of Galloway
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Diocese of Galloway
In office 1406–1412 × 1415
Predecessor Thomas de Rossy
Successor Gilbert Cavan
Consecration c. 1406 or 1407
Personal details
Born unknown
Probably Dumfriesshire or Galloway
Died 1412 × 1415
Previous post Provost of Lincluden

Elisaeus Adougan was a late 14th century and early 15th century Scottish cleric. His name has been said to have occurred for the first time in a papal letter datable to 25 November 1390,[1] but this letter is simply a repetition of another addressed to him, dated 2 August that year; both letters address him as the rector of the parish church of Kirkmahoe, and authorise him to take up the position of provost of the Collegiate Church of Lincluden providing he resigned Kirkmahoe within a period of two years.[2]

This Collegiate Church, previously a Benedictine nunnery, was erected only on 7 May 1389, after a petition of Archibald Douglas ("the Grim"), Lord of Galloway, to Avignon Pope Clement VII.[3] Papal authorisation came in a letter to the Bishop of Glasgow, inside whose diocese Lincluden lay, which stated:

...as is contained in the petition of Archibald, Lord of Galloway, his predecessors founded and built the monastery of Lincluden, O. CLUN., ... and endowed it for the maintenance of eight or nine nuns, to be ruled by a prioress, while right of patronage remained with the lords of Galloway ...[4]

The letter goes into the details of the monastery's problems and decline, details provided to the papacy by the Lord of Galloway, and asks Bishop Walter Wardlaw:

to ascertain that these facts be true and having transferred the nuns to a house of the Cluniac or Benedictine order, to erect the collegiate church and hospice ...[4]

He still held both Lincluden and Kirkmahoe on 17 May 1391, when the Pope wrote to him providing him to a canonry and prebend of Glasgow Cathedral.[5]

Elisaeus retained his position as provost of Lincluden until 1406. In that year he was elected and received papal provision to the vacant diocese of Galloway.[6] This election was ascribed by historian Michael Brown to the influence of the Lord of Galloway, now Archibald Douglas II.[7] In a lost MacDowall charter, witnessed by Robert Keith and datable to 1412, he was said to have been in his seventh year of consecration.[8] Nothing more is known about Elisaeus's career as Bishop of Galloway; the time of his death is not known either, but he died sometime before 14 June 1415, when there occurs the earliest evidence that a successor for Galloway was needed.[9]


  1. ^ Dowden, Bishops, p. 366; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 363; letter can be found at Burns (ed.), Papal Letters, p. 158.
  2. ^ Burns (ed.), Papal Letters, p. 153.
  3. ^ Burns (ed.), Papal Letters, p. 145; Dowden, Bishops, pp. 366-7; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 363.
  4. ^ a b Burns (ed.), Papal Letters, p. 145.
  5. ^ Burns (ed.), Papal Letters, p. 161.
  6. ^ Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, pp. 131, 363.
  7. ^ Brown, Black Douglases, p. 195.
  8. ^ Dowden, Bishops, p. 367; Keith, Historical Catalogue, p. 274; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 131.
  9. ^ Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 131.


  • Brown, Michael, The Black Douglases: War and Lordship in Late Medieval Scotland, 1300-1455, (East Linton, 1998)
  • Burns, Charles (ed.), Papal Letters to Scotland of Clement VII of Avignon, 1378-1394, (Edinburgh, 1976)
  • Cowan, Ian B. & Easson, David E., Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland With an Appendix on the Houses in the Isle of Man, Second Edition, (London, 1976)
  • Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)
  • Keith, Robert, An Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops: Down to the Year 1688, (London, 1924)
  • Watt, D. E. R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
Religious titles
Preceded by
New creation
Provost of Lincluden
1389 × 1390–1406
Succeeded by
Alexander de Carnis
Preceded by
Thomas de Rossy
Bishop of Galloway
1406–1412 × 1415
Succeeded by
Gilbert Cavan