Elise Margaret Kemp (19 June 1881 — 20 October 1917) was a New Zealand-born nurse who served in the Territorial Forces Nursing Service. She was the only New Zealand nurse killed in action during World War I.
Kemp was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1881 (some sources erroneously cite 1882), one of six children born to Dr. William George Kemp, a physician and surgeon, and his wife, Charlotte (née Greenwood). Kemp's father was from England and her mother from Nelson, New Zealand.
Kemp began studying nursing in 1904 at King's College Hospital. She graduated on 12 February 1908, and began working as a Ward Sister. In 1914 she became a member of the London-based Territorial Forces Nursing Service (TFNS). In January 1916 she was posted to the Western Front.
On 20 October 1917, she was treating casualties at a clearing station in Flanders when it was bombed by a German aircraft. Kemp, three orderlies and three patients were killed. The Matron-in-Chief made the following entry in the unit's war diary: "Went on to Godwaersvelde to 37 C.C.S. where I saw the O.C. and learnt the particulars of the very trying incident of the night before. Fortunately they had just evacuated and they had only 30 patients in hospital, or the casualties would have been very great. There had been no warning at all beforehand and the bombs landed close to a marquee where the sister, 3 orderlies and 3 patients were killed and other were wounded, two of whom lost their arms."
On November 3, 1917, the British Journal of Nursing recorded her death as follows:
OUR ROLL OF HONOUR. "Great sorrow has been caused at King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, by the news of the death of Sister Elise M. Kemp, of the Territorial Force Nursing Service. Sister Kemp, who was trained at King's College Hospital, and afterwards promoted to the position of Sister, was a great favourite with her colleagues, both at home and abroad. At the time of her death she was working at a Casualty Clearing Station in France, where she was killed instantaneously by the explosion of a bomb. We offer our sincere sympathy to her parents, Dr. and Mrs. Kemp, of Hastings, in their bereavement."
- "New Zealand Army Nursing Service in the First World War - New Zealand Army Nursing Service | NZHistory, New Zealand history online". www.nzhistory.net.nz. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- "The story of Sister Elise Margaret Kemp" (PDF). Nelson Museum, New Zealand. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "fylde.demon.co.uk". www.fylde.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- Royal College of Nursing archives
- "Sister Elise Margaret Kemp New Zealand Nurse First World War Godewaersvelde British Cemetery". www.qaranc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-03.