Ellice Hopkins

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Ellice Hopkins (30 October 1836 – 21 August 1904) was a Victorian social campaigner and author, who vigorously advocated moral purity while criticising contemporary sexual double standards.[1] In 1874 she established the Soldier's Institute at Portsmouth, and in 1876 toured several British towns, recruiting thousands of women to the Ladies' Association for the Care of Friendless Girls.[1] Her biographer describes her as "instrumental" in the passing of the Industrial Schools Amendment Act of 1880.[1]

Her works, such as A plea for the wider action of the Church of England in the prevention of the degradation of women, criticised the contemporary double standard by which women were disproportionately blamed for sexual immorality.[1] She co-founded the White Cross Army in 1883. The historian Frank Mort has described her as a "central figure in the feminist agitation for criminal law regulation in the 1880s".[2]



  1. ^ a b c d Morgan, S. (2004). "Hopkins, (Jane) Ellice (1836–1904)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33978. 
  2. ^ Mort (2000), p. 93.


  • Mort, Frank (2000). Dangerous sexualities: medico-moral politics in England since 1830. Routledge. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Barrett, Rosa Mary. Ellice Hopkins, a memoir (Wells Gardner, Darton, 1907).
  • Morgan, Sue. A passion for purity : Ellice Hopkins and the politics of gender in the late-Victorian church (Bristol, 1999).
  • Morgan, Sue. "Faith, sex and purity: the religio-feminist theory of Ellice Hopkins", Women's History Review, 9 (2000), p. 13.
  • Morgan, Susan. "'Knights of God' : Ellice Hopkins and the White Cross Army, 1883–95", Studies in Church History, 34 (1998), pp. 431–445.
  • Mumm, Susan. "'I love my sex' : two late Victorian pulpit women", in Perry, Gill; Laurence, Anne; Bellamy, Joan (eds) Women, scholarship and criticism : gender and knowledge, c.1790–1900 (Manchester, 2000), pp. 204–21.

External links[edit]