Elsa Beskow (née Maartman) (11 February 1874, Stockholm – 30 June 1953) was a Swedish author and illustrator of children's books. Among her better known books are Tale of the Little Little Old Woman and Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender.
Her parents were businessman Bernt Maartman (1841–1889), whose family came from Bergen, Norway, and Augusta Fahlstedt (1850–1915). Beskow studied Art Education at Konstfack, University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, then called Tekniska skolan, or the Technical school, in Stockholm.
She married former minister and social worker, doctor of theology Natanael Beskow in 1897. Elsa Beskow met her future husband at Djursholms samskola while serving as a teacher where he served as head master. From 1900 they lived in Villa Ekeliden in Djursholm which had initially been built for the author Viktor Rydberg. They had six sons, including the artist Bo Beskow (1906–1989) and geologist Gunnar Beskow (1901–1991).
In 1894 Beskow started to contribute to the children's magazine Jultomten. Overall, she would publish some forty books with her own text and images. Beskow frequently combined reality with elements from the fairy tale world. Children meet elves or goblins, and farm animals talk with people. Central themes were the relationships between children and adults and children's independent initiative.
Beskow became one of the most well known of all Swedish children's book artists. Many of her books became classics and are continually reprinted. Beskow also illustrated ABC books and songbooks for Swedish schools. Book pages are often framed by decorative framework of the Art Nouveau style.
Sof du lilla vide ung,
än så är det vinter.
Än så sofva björk och ljung
ros och hyacinter.
Än så är det långt till vår,
innan rönn i blomning står.
Sof du lilla vide,
än så är det vinter.
- Hammar, Stina Solägget: fantasi och verklighet Elsa Beskows konst (Bonnier, Stockholm 2002) ISBN 91-0-057914-9
- Björkman, Ivar; Djursholm - staden på landet (Djursholms Forntid och Framtid, 1982) ISBN /91-85549-00-2
- Liukkonen, Petri. "Elsa Beskow". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.
- Hammar, Stina Elsa Beskow (1958)
- Håkansson, Gunvor Elsa Beskow och Astrid Lindgren (1967)'
- Sjögren, Margareta Elsa Beskow och hennes värld (1983)
- Elsa Beskow Biography at Floris Books, her English language publisher. English
- Site dedicated to Elsa Beskow. Swedish
- Elsa Beskow (JulimJournals)German
- Works by or about Elsa Beskow at Internet Archive
- Works by Elsa Beskow at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)