Emergency Aid Doctrine
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Exigent circumstance in United States law. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2014.|
In the US the Emergency Aid Doctrine is an exception to the Fourth Amendment, allowing warrantless entry to premises if "exigent circumstances" make it necessary.
A number of exceptions are classified under the general heading of criminal enforcement:
- Where evidence of a suspected crime is in danger of being lost.
- Where the police officers are in hot pursuit.
- Where there is a probability that a suspect will flee before a warrant can be obtained.
- Where a person is in need of assistance.
- Where entry is required to prevent harm to a person.
In deciding whether such entry was legal, courts will consider whether a reasonable and prudent person would have considered there was need to make an immediate entry.