Emilio M. Garza
|Emilio Miller Garza|
|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
August 1, 2012 – January 5, 2015
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
May 30, 1991 – August 1, 2012
|Appointed by||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Thomas Morrow Reavley|
|Succeeded by||Don Willett|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas|
April 20, 1988 – June 7, 1991
|Appointed by||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by||William S. Sessions|
|Succeeded by||Orlando Luis Garcia|
Emilio Miller Garza|
1947 (age 70–71)
San Antonio, Texas
University of Notre Dame (B.A., M.A.)|
University of Texas School of Law (J.D.)
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1970–1973|
Emilio Miller Garza (born August 1, 1947) is a former United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.
Education and career
Born in San Antonio, Texas, Garza graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1969, receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree there in 1969 and a Master of Arts in 1970. He then joined the United States Marine Corps, in which he was an officer from 1970 to 1973. Garza earned his Juris Doctor at the University of Texas School of Law in 1976. He was an attorney in private practice with the law firm of Clemens, Spencer, Welmaker & Fink in San Antonio between 1976 and 1986. He was a Judge of the Bexar County, Texas Two Hundred and Twenty-Fifth District Court from 1987 to 1988
Federal judicial service
On February 2, 1988, President Ronald Reagan nominated Garza to the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, to fill the seat vacated by William S. Sessions. The Senate confirmed Garza's nomination on April 19, 1988, and Garza received his commission the following day. His service terminated on June 7, 1991, due to elevation to the Fifth Circuit.
On April 11, 1991, President George H. W. Bush nominated Garza to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit vacated by Thomas Morrow Reavley, and he was confirmed by the Senate on May 24, 1991, receiving his commission on May 30, 1991. Judge Garza assumed senior status August 1, 2012 and retired on January 5, 2015.
Supreme Court consideration
Garza was mentioned as a potential nominee to the United States Supreme Court. In fact, he was interviewed in 1991 for the vacancy created by the retirement of Justice Thurgood Marshall. That seat ultimately went to Justice Clarence Thomas.
- Special concurrence in Fisher v. University of Texas, 631 F.3d 213 (5th Cir. 2011)
- Strong dissent in Fisher v. University of Texas, 758 F.3d 633 (5th Cir. 2014)
- Dissenting from denial of rehearing en banc in Reliable Consultants, Inc. v. Earle, 538 F.3d 355 (5th Cir. 2008)
- Majority opinion in Comacho v. Texas Workforce Commission, 408 F.3d 229 (5th Cir. 2005)
- Majority opinion in U.S. v. Bird, 401 F.3d 633 (5th Cir. 2005)
- Majority opinion in Wallace v. County of Comal, 400 F.3d 284 (5th Cir. 2005)
- Majority opinion in Sierra Club v. Peterson, 228 F.3d 559 (5th Cir. 2000) (en banc)
- Majority opinion in Atwater v. City of Lago Vista, 195 F.3d 242 (5th Cir. 1999) (en banc)
- Majority opinion in United States v. Navarro, 169 F.3d 228 (5th Cir. 1999)
- Majority opinion in United States v. Castillo, 179 F.3d 321 (5th Cir. 1999)
- Special concurrence in Flores v. Johnson, 210 F.3d 456 (2000)
- Special concurrence in Causeway Med. Suite v. Ieyoub, 109 F.3d 1096 (5th Cir. 1997)
- Concurring opinion Doe v. Hillsboro Independent School District, 113 F.3d 1412 (5th Cir. 1997)(en banc)
In 2010, Judge Garza joined Judges Edith Brown Clement and Priscilla Owen in affirming the dismissal of the complaint in Doe v. Silsbee Independent School District. The plaintiff ("H.S.") was a cheerleader who was ordered by her high school to cheer for her alleged rapist, a basketball player named Rakheem Bolton. H.S. refused and was kicked off the team. She sued, claiming a violation of her First Amendment right to free speech. The Eastern District of Texas, Judge Thad Heartfield, granted the school district's motion to dismiss, and Judges Clement, Garza, and Owen affirmed. H.S. was ordered to pay the school $45,000 in legal fees for filing a "frivolous" lawsuit.
- "Garza, Emilio M. – Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- "Doe v. Silsbee Independent School District, Opinion of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals" (PDF).
- "Cheerleader must compensate school that told her to clap 'rapist'". May 4, 2011.
- "2011 02 22 CheerAppeal Petition for Certiorari – Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure – Fourteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution". Scribd.
Material on this page is taken or adapted from the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Legal Policy, and from the Fifth Circuit Library System of the United States Court of Appeals, both public domain sources.
- Fifth Circuit Library System of the United States Court of Appeals
- U.S. Department of Justice Office of Legal Policy
William S. Sessions
| Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas
Orlando Luis Garcia
Thomas Morrow Reavley
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit