Emphasis point

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The emphasis point or emphasis mark is a typographic marking used in some east Asian languages to indicate emphasis. The markings takes in many forms like, a dot or a bullet, a circle, or a triangle. It was used more traditionally, but nowadays, with technology, quotations or changing of font style prevails.[1]

In Chinese[edit]

An example of emphasis point used in traditional vertical style writing.
Exemple de point d'emphase utilisé dans le chinois traditionnel écrit horizontalement.
  1. 事業是出來的,不是出來的。
  2. 看來,他彷佛用一千隻眼睛瞧著。

In China and Hong Kong, the emphasis point (Chinese: 着重号) is used in textbooks and teaching materials. It is centred under each character highlighted in the horizontal texts, and centred to the right of each character in the vertical texts.

In Japanese[edit]


In Japan, the emphasis point (傍点 bōten or 圏点 kenten) is usually a point or a sesame point and is centred above each character in the horizontal texts and to the right of each character in the vertical texts.

In Korean[edit]

In South Korea, the emphasis point (드러냄표 deureonaempyo) usually rules as a point or circle centred above the characters in the horizontal texts and to the right of the characters in the vertical texts.


  • using the CSS text-emphasis property:
    한글의 본 이름은 훈민정음이다.
    중요한 것은 왜사느냐가 아니라 어떻게사느냐 하는 문제이다.
  • using positioned characters: :
    한글의 본 이름은 •훈•민•정•음이다.
    중요한 것은 ◦왜◦사◦느◦냐◦가 아니라 ◦어◦떻◦게◦사◦느◦냐 하는 문제이다.

See also[edit]


  • Elika J. Etemad; Koji Ishii (2013). CSS Text Decoration Module Level 3. W3C. css-text-decor-3.
  • Japanese Layout Task Force (2012). Requirements for Japanese Text Layout. W3C. jlreq.
  • Lunde, Ken (2009) [1999]. CJKV Information Processing. O’Reilly. ISBN 978-0-596-51447-1.
  • 문화체육관광부 (Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) (1988). 한글 맞춤법 (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  • "한글 맞춤법: Ⅵ. 드러냄표" (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2019-03-28.