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Chemical structure of enniatin A

Enniatins are a class of organic chemical compounds found in Fusarium fungi. They appear in nature as mixtures of cyclic depsipeptides. The main variants are enniatin A, A1, B and B1 together with minor amounts of enniatin C, D, E and F.

The enniatins act as ionophores that bind ammonium,[1] and they have been proposed as replacements for nonactin in specific ammonium-based electrodes.

Enniatins have been also mentioned as potential anti-AIDS drugs.[citation needed]

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Chemical properties[edit]


  1. ^ Ovchinnikov, Yu. A.; Ivanov, V. T.; Evstratov, A. V.; Mikhaleva, I. I.; Bystrov, V. F.; Portnova, S. L.; Balashova, T. A.; Meshcheryakova, E. N.; Tul'chinskii, V. M. (1974). "Enniatin ionophores. Conformation and ion binding properties". International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research. 6 (6): 465–498.