Enquiry character

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In computer communications, enquiry is a transmission-control character that requests a response from the receiving station[1] with which a connection has been set up.[2] It represents a signal intended to trigger a response at the receiving end, to see whether it is still present. The response, an answer-back code to the terminal that transmitted the WRU (who are you) signal, may include station identification, the type of equipment in service, and the status of the remote station.

Teletype Model 33 answer-back drum (brown, lower center left) for coding inquiry response message

Some teleprinters had a "programmable" drum, which could hold a 20- or 22-character message. The message was encoded on the drum by breaking tabs off the drum. This sequence could be transmitted upon receipt of an enquiry signal, if enabled, or by pressing the "Here is" key on the keyboard.[3][4]

The 5-bit ITA2 has an enquiry character, as do the later ASCII and EBCDIC.

In the 1960s, DEC routinely disabled the answerback feature on Teletype Model 33 terminals because it interfered with the use of the paper-tape reader and punch for binary data.[5] However, the DEC VT100 terminals from 1978 responded to enquiry with a user-configurable answerback message,[6] as did its successors.

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  1. ^ "Enquiry Character: Definition and additional resources from ZDNet". ZDNet Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2008-01-16.
  2. ^ "enquiry character (ENQ)". ATIS Telecom Glossary. Archived from the original on 2022-10-03. Retrieved 2022-10-03.
  3. ^ "ASR 33 Teletype Rear View of Main Assembly". Archived from the original on 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
  4. ^ "TELETYPE MODEL 32ASR". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
  5. ^ PDP-8 Maintenance Manual. Digital Equipment Corporation. February 1966. p. 5-2. F-87.
  6. ^ VT100 User Guide (PDF). Digital Equipment Corporation. August 1978. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2014-12-15.

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