Epistrophy

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"Epistrophy" is a jazz standard composed by Thelonious Monk and Kenny Clarke in 1941.[1][2] It has been called "the first classic, modern jazz composition."[3] It was first recorded later that year, under the title "Fly Right," by a big band led by Cootie Williams.

Its 'A' section is based on a pattern of alternating chords a semi-tone apart.

The title "Epistrophy" is not a word in any dictionary. However, the word "epistrophe" is defined by Merriam-Webster as "the repetition of a word or expression at the end of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect." It is therefore likely that Monk coined the word to mean the use of repeated sounds at the end of a musical line. This corresponds to the term "BeBop" which refers not only to the new style of jazz Monk and others helped to create at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem, but to the imitative onomatopoeia of the two-note phrase so often repeated at the end of a 1940s bebop musical line, in which the "bop" is five semitones down from the "be."

Recordings and releases[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gioa, Ted (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire. Oxford University Press. p. 101. ISBN 0199937397. 
  2. ^ Kelley, Robin (2009). Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original. Simon and Schuster. p. 69. ISBN 1439190496. 
  3. ^ Anthony Brown, "Modern Jazz Drumset Artistry," The Black Perspective in Music, Vol. 18, No. 1/2 (1990), pp. 39-58
  4. ^ arwulf arwulf. "1941-1944 [Classics] - Cootie Williams & His Orchestra | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  5. ^ Rick Anderson. "Genius of Modern Music, Vol. 1 - Thelonious Monk | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  6. ^ Thom Jurek. "At Carnegie Hall - Thelonious Monk Quartet,John Coltrane,Thelonious Monk | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  7. ^ Michael G. Nastos (1957-04-12). "Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane - Thelonious Monk,John Coltrane | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  8. ^ Lindsay Planer. "Monk's Music - Thelonious Monk Septet,Thelonious Monk | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  9. ^ Steve Leggett (1960-08-06). "A.T.'s Delight - Art Taylor | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  10. ^ Michael G. Nastos (1964-06-02). "Last Date - Eric Dolphy | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  11. ^ Thom Jurek (1969-09-23). "Plays Monk - Steve Lacy | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  12. ^ Scott Yanow. "M'Boom - Max Roach | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  13. ^ Sean Carruthers. "Lounge Lizards - The Lounge Lizards | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  14. ^ Betty Carter. "Chaka Khan - Chaka Khan | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  15. ^ Scott Yanow. "Epistrophy - Ran Blake | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
  16. ^ "Flash Mob - Anton Schwartz | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-14.