The equioscillation theorem concerns the approximation of continuous functions using polynomials when the merit function is the maximum difference (uniform norm). Its discovery is attributed to Chebyshev.
Let be a continuous function from to . Among all the polynomials of degree , the polynomial minimizes the uniform norm of the difference if and only if there are points such that where .
Several minimax approximation algorithms are available, the most common being the Remez algorithm.