Erigone (daughter of Icarius)
- Not to be confused with Erigone (daughter of Aegisthus).
In Greek mythology, Erigone was the daughter of Icarius of Athens. Icarius was cordial towards Dionysus, who gave his shepherds wine. They became intoxicated and killed Icarius, thinking he had poisoned them. His daughter, Erigone, and her dog, Maera, found his body. Erigone hanged herself over her father's grave. Dionysus was angry and punished Athens by making all of the city's maidens commit suicide in the same way. Erigone was placed in the stars as the constellation Virgo.
According to Ovid, Dionysus "deceived Erigone with false grapes", that is, assumed the shape of a grape cluster to approach and seduce her.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 14. 7
- Hyginus, Fabulae, 130
- Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6. 125: Erigonen falsa decepit uva
- Images of Erigone in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database