From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The erikundi is a percussive instrument that is shaken much like a maraca. Unlike the maraca, however, it is made from other materials, causing a different sound to be heard. The Erikundi is also related to the Abakua cult, an Afro-Cuban Secret Society, and the playing of it may indicate an individual’s solidarity to this society. Additionally the diversity of this instrument and its use is illustrated by its use in popular music ensembles such as Vieja Trova.[1]

Percussion instrument
Classification idiophone
Related instruments
caxixi in Brazil


They are typically made of woven reed or grass with a leather or gourd shell bottom. The erikundi are shaken by the handle, allowing whatever hard objects inside to hit the walls of the container. They are usually seen used in pairs.[2]


The erikundi is used as percussion in music as well as for spiritual/religious purposes. It is an object that is commonly associated with worship rituals having to do with power. They are used in the ceremony Ekoria Itia Abakuá, meaning a new birth or consecration of power. This tradition is normally seen in the cities Havana, Matanzas and Cárdenas in Cuba. The erikundi is also a common instrument used in the Cuban Rumba.[3]

Images (external links)[edit]

See also[edit]

Cuban Rumba


  1. ^ Vásquez, Edwin Ricardo Pitre, and Jan Fairley. "Part III Musical Instruments: 12. Percussion Instruments: Maracas." Continuum Encyclopedia Of Popular Music Of The World 2.(2003): 380-383. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.
  2. ^ [1], "Drums and Instrument Percussion". Web. <> Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Rumba Instruments: Erikundi". Rumba Instruments. Retrieved 16 September 2013.