Ernst Levy

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Ernst Levy (born Basel, Switzerland 18 November 1895, died Morges, Switzerland 19 April 1981) was a Swiss musicologist, composer, pianist and conductor.

He studied with Egon Petri and Raoul Pugno.[1] David Dubal describes him as an "unusual and powerful pianist" who made "grandly conceived" recordings of the late Beethoven sonatas and captured "the very essence of the Faustian Liszt".[1] His work as a musicologist and teacher brought him to the United States, where he taught at colleges including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Chicago and the New England Conservatory; he also became a United States citizen.[2] In 1966 he retired from academia and returned to his native Switzerland where he spent the remainder of his life.

Levy's book A Theory of Harmony was published in 1985 and, among other modern compositional concepts, describes the composer's concept of harmonic "undertones".

Levy's son is composer and cellist Frank Ezra Levy (1930-2017).[citation needed]

Selected compositions[edit]

Orchestral
  • Symphony No.2 in D major (1922)
  • Symphony No.3 (1922)
  • Symphony No.7 (1937)
  • Symphony No.8 (1937)
  • Symphony No.10 "France" (1944)
  • Symphony No.11 (1949)
  • Symphony No.12 (1951)
  • Symphony No.13 (1955)
  • Third Suite for orchestra (1957)
  • Fourth Suite for orchestra (1959)
  • Symphony No.14 (1962)
  • Symphony No.15 (1968)
Concertante
  • Concerto for cello and orchestra (1947)
Chamber music
  • String Quartet No.1 (1919)
  • Sonata No.1 for violin and piano (1932)
  • Divertimento for clarinet (or oboe) and piano (1952)
  • Theme and Transformations for clarinet and piano (1952)
  • String Trio No.1 (1953)
  • Sonata for cello and piano (1953)
  • Sonata for horn and Piano (1953)
  • Fifteen Little Pieces for cello solo (1955)
  • Piano Quartet (1956)
  • Suite for viola or cello solo (1956)
  • Suite for violin solo (1960)
  • String Trio No.2 (1960)
  • Sonata No.2 for violin and piano (1961)
  • Sonata No.3 for violin and piano (1963)
  • Sonatina No.1 for violin and piano (1962)
  • Sonatina No.2 for violin and piano (1962)
  • Suite for 2 violas (1963)
  • Trio for clarinet, cello and piano (1963)
  • Sonata for three violin parts (1965)
  • String Trio No.3 (1966)
  • Trio for clarinet, viola and piano (1968)
  • Trio No.2 for clarinet, violin and piano (1970)
  • Suite No.2 for viola solo (1971)
  • Soliloquy for clarinet solo (1971)
  • Concerto sur "Auprès de ma blonde" for trumpet and piano (1975)
  • Threnodie for viola, cello and organ (1975)
  • Sonata for 2 violins and piano (1977)
  • Intermezzo idilliaco for clarinet and piano (1978)
  • String Trio No.4 (1978)
  • String Quartet No.4 (1978)
  • String Quartet No.5 (1978)
  • Sonata for viola and piano (1979)
  • Trio for violin, cello and piano (1979)
  • Sonata Accompagnata for bassoon and piano or orchestra (1980)
Keyboard
  • Fantaisie symphonique for harpsichord (1939)
  • Ricercar for harpsichord (1960)
  • Meditation on a Hebrew Raga for organ (1961)
  • Study on the Whole-Tone Scales for piano (1971)
  • Piano Sonata No.1 (1973)
  • Piano Sonata No.2 (1974)
  • Piano Sonata No.3 (1975)
  • Piano Sonata No.4 (1976)
  • Piano Sonata No.5 (1977)
  • Piano Sonata No.6 (1979)
  • Piano Sonata No.7 (1981)
  • Hommage romantique for piano (1977)
  • Fantaisie dialoguée for organ and piano (1980)
Vocal
  • Gaudeamus, Cantata for mixed chorus, wind orchestra and timpani (1964)
  • Li T'ai Po's Answer for tenor, string orchestra and flute (1979)
  • Eins und Alles for baritone and string orchestra (1980); words by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Levy, Ernst (1946). Four folk songs from Switzerland: for 4 mixed voices, SATB. New York: Music Press. OCLC 78196587. 
  • Levy, Ernst (1952). Divertimento for clarinet (or oboe) and piano. New York: Seesaw Music Corp. OCLC 869234. 
  • Levy, Ernst (1953). Sonata, for violoncello & piano. New York: Seesaw Music Corp. OCLC 222539336. 
  • Levy, Ernst (1954). 7 piano pieces. New York: Boosey & Hawkes. OCLC 83544484. 
  • Levy, Ernst; Paul Boepple (1957). Hear, ye children: Proverbs 4:1,7,8 (part-songs). Bennington, VT: Bennington College. OCLC 77291468. 
  • Levy, Ernst (1968). Trio, for clarinet, viola, and piano. New York: Seesaw Music Corp. OCLC 221789930. 
  • Levy, Ernst (1969). Sonata for horn and piano. New York: Seesaw Music Corp. OCLC 869439. 

Academic works[edit]

  • Levy, Ernst (1956). On the proportions of the south tower of Chartres Cathedral. Cambridge, MA: Dept. of Humanities, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OCLC 11508947. 
  • Levy, Ernst; Siegmund Levarie (1968). Tone, a Study in Musical Acoustics. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press. OCLC 60510. 
  • Levy, Ernst; Siegmund Levarie (1983). Musical Morphology: A Discourse and a Dictionary (illustrated ed.). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press. ISBN 0-87338-286-2. 
  • Levy, Ernst; Siegmund Levarie (1985). A Theory of Harmony. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-87395-993-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dubal, David (2004). The Art of the Piano: Its Performers, Literature, and Recordings (3rd rev. and expanded ed.). Pompton Plains, NJ: Amadeus Press. p. 215. ISBN 1-57467-088-3. . Entry: "Ernst Levy".
  2. ^ Levy (1985), end matter

External links[edit]