Erwin Vierow

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Erwin Vierow
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1981-084-17, Erwin Vierow.jpg
General Erwin Vierow in 1941
Born (1890-05-15)15 May 1890
Died 1 February 1982(1982-02-01) (aged 91)
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1908–44
Rank General der Infanterie
Commands held
  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 55th Army Corps
  • Military Commandant of Kharkov
  • Commander of the army in northwest France
  • General Command Somme

General Erwin Vierow (15 May 1890 - 1 February 1982) was an infantry General in the German army who was the commander of German forces in northwest France during World War II.


He joined the Imperial German Army in 1908. During World War I he was an officer in the infantry serving as an adjutant. In 1915 he was promoted to leutnant, he was wounded May 1916 and in 1917 he was promoted to Hauptmann.

Between the wars he served on the General Staff of the Reichswehr and in the infantry and by the outbreak of World War II he had reached the rank of Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht. In August 1940 was appointed as commander of the 9th Infantry Division. In January 1941 was promoted to General of the Infantry. Serving on the Eastern Front as commander of 55th Army Corps he became the military commandant of the city of Kharkov upon its capture on 24 October 1941. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on November 15, 1941.

On 1 July 1943 he was appointed commander of the army in northwest France, covering the regions of Laon, Orléans and Rouen and held this command until September 1944 when he was appointed chief of the ad hoc ‘General Command Somme’. He held this post until he was captured by the British. He was then held in the Camp Clinton Prisoner-of-war camp in Mississippi, United States. He died aged 91.




  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 431.


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of the 96. Infanterie-Division
15 September 1939 – 5 August 1940
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Wolf Schede
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Georg von Apell
Commander of the 9. Infanterie-Division
1 August 1940 – 31 December 1940
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Siegmund Freiherr von Schleinitz