Leo Esaki in 1959
March 12, 1925 |
|Institutions||IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
University of Tsukuba
|Alma mater||Tokyo Imperial University|
|Known for||electron tunneling
|Notable awards||Asahi Prize (1959)
Stuart Ballantine Medal (1961)
Japan Academy Prize (1965)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1973)
Harold Pender Award (1989)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1991)
Japan Prize (1998)
Reona Esaki (江崎 玲於奈 Esaki Reona, born March 12, 1925), also known as Leo Esaki, is a Japanese physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 with Ivar Giaever and Brian David Josephson for his discovery of the phenomenon of electron tunneling. He is known for his invention of the Esaki diode, which exploited that phenomenon. This research was done when he was with Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo (now known as Sony). He has also contributed in being a pioneer of the semiconductor superlattices.
Esaki was born in Osaka, and studied physics at Tokyo Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo), where he received his B.Sc. in 1947 and his Ph.D. in 1959. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for research conducted around 1958 regarding electron tunneling in solids. He moved to the United States in 1960 and joined the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, where he became an IBM Fellow in 1967. His first paper on the semiconductor superlattice was published when he was with IBM. A 1987 comment by Esaki regarding the original paper on superlattices notes:
"The original version of the paper was rejected for publication by Physical Review on the referee's unimaginative assertion that it was 'too speculative' and involved 'no new physics.' However, this proposal was quickly accepted by the Army Research Office..."
Subsequently, Esaki served as president of the University of Tsukuba and Shibaura Institute of Technology. Since 2006 he is the President of the Yokohama College of Pharmacy. Esaki is also the recipient of The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence, the Order of Culture (1974) and the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (1998).
Esaki's “five don’ts” rules
In the summer of 1994, Esaki suggests a list of “five don’ts” which anyone in realizing his/her creative potential should follow, meanwhile, Carl Nordling, a member of Nobel Committee for Physics just heard the rules and later introduce it on Physica Scripta.:
- Don’t allow yourself to be trapped by your past experiences.
- Don’t allow yourself to become overly attached to any one authority in your field – the great professor, perhaps.
- Don’t hold on to what you don’t need.
- Don’t avoid confrontation.
- Don’t forget your spirit of childhood curiosity.
Awards and honors
- 1959 Asahi Prize
- 1961 Stuart Ballantine Medal
- 1965 Japan Academy Prize
- 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics
- 1974 Order of Culture
- 1989 Harold Pender Award
- 1991 IEEE Medal of Honor
- 1998 Japan Prize
- 1998 Order of the Rising Sun
- Dr. Leo Esaki. japanprize.jp
- Esaki, Leo, "Long Journey into Tunneling," Nobel Lecture, December 12, 1973.
- Esaki, L. (1958). "New Phenomenon in Narrow Germanium p-n Junctions". Physical Review. 109 (2): 603. Bibcode:1958PhRv..109..603E. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.109.603.
- Esaki, L.; Tsu, R. (1970). "Superlattice and Negative Differential Conductivity in Semiconductors". IBM Journal of Research and Development. 14: 61. doi:10.1147/rd.141.0061.
- "This Weeks's Citation Classic", Current Contents No 28, July 13, 1987.
- Large scale integrated circuits technology : state of the art and prospects : proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Large Scale Integrated Circuits Technology: State of the Art and Prospects," Erice, Italy, July 15–27, 1981 / edited by Leo Esaki and Giovanni Soncini (1982)
- Highlights in condensed matter physics and future prospects / edited by Leo Esaki (1991)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leo Esaki.|
- Leo Esaki – Biography. Retrieved August 5, 2003 from http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1973/esaki-bio.html
- IBM record
- IEEE History Center – Leo Esaki. Retrieved July 19, 2011 from http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Leo_Esaki
- Sony History – The Esaki Diode. Retrieved August 5, 2003 from http://www.sony.net/Fun/SH/1-7/h5.html
- Freeview video 'An Interview with Leo Esaki' by the Vega Science Trust