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España cañí (meaning "Gypsy Spain" in Spanish language) is a famous instrumental Spanish piece of pasodoble music by Pascual Marquina Narro (1873-1948). The song was written around 1923 and first recorded in 1926. In English it is also known as the Spanish Gypsy Dance.
Its main refrain (eight bars of arpeggiated chords that go from E major to F major (with added 4 instead of 5) to G major and back) is arguably the best known snippet of Spanish music ever, and is popular worldwide.
Several arrangements of the tune are often used for the ballroom Paso Doble dance (to the point that, among ballroom dancers, it is known as "the paso doble song" as it is very commonly played in competition due to the common custom for the choreography to match the phrasing and accents of the music for the full effect of the dance).