Etoro people

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The Etoro, or Edolo, are a tribe and ethnic group of Papua New Guinea. Their territory comprises the southern slopes of Mt. Sisa, along the southern edge of the central mountain range of New Guinea, near the Papuan Plateau. They are well known among anthropologists because of ritual acts practiced between the young boys and men of the tribe. The Etoro believe that young males must ingest the semen of their elders to achieve adult male status and to properly mature and grow strong.[1]

In 2009, the National Geographic Society reported an estimate that there were fewer than 1668 speakers of the Etoro/Edolo language.[2]


O'Neil and Kottak agree that most men marry and have heterosexual relations with their wives. The fear that heterosexual sex causes them to die earlier and the belief that homosexual sex prolongs life means that heterosexual relations are focused towards reproduction.[3]

See also[edit]


  • Harrison, David (Summer 2009). "Papua New Guinea Expedition: Enduring Voices Project, Endangered Languages, Map, Facts, Photos, Videos". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 2016-05-07. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  • Henrich, Joseph; Heine, Steven; Norenzayan, Ara (2010). "The weirdest people in the world?" (PDF). Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 33 (2–3): 61–83, discussion 83–135. doi:10.1017/S0140525X0999152X. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0013-26A1-6. PMID 20550733.
  • Kelly, Raymond (1976). "Witchcraft and Sexual Relations". In Paula Brown; Georgeda Buchbinder (eds.). Man and Woman in the New Guinea Highlands. Washington, D.C.: American Anthropological Society. pp. 36–53. OCLC 2717615. [no electronic version]
  • Knauft, Bruce M. (2003). "What Ever Happened to Ritualized Homosexuality? Modern Sexual Subjects in Melanesia and Elsewhere". Annual Review of Sex Research. Retrieved November 5, 2006.
  • Kottak, Conrad Phillip (2012). Cultural Anthropology (15th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780078035012.
  • O'Neil, Dennis (2007). "Homosexuality". Sex and Marriage: An Introduction to The Cultural Rules Regulating Sexual Access and Marriage. San Marcos, California: Palomar College, Behavioral Sciences Department. Retrieved March 21, 2021.