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Etzion (Hebrew: עציון‎, lit. of the tree), also spelled Ezion, can refer to several places and topics relating to modern, ancient Israel and the West Bank:

  • Ezion-Geber, a biblical Idumaean and Israelite port on the Red Sea
  • Kfar Etzion, a kibbutz established in the early 20th century south of Jerusalem
  • Gush Etzion, an eponymous bloc surrounding the kibbutz
  • Gush Etzion Regional Council, a modern local government in that area
  • Kfar Etzion massacre, a Jordanian massacre of kibbutz members
  • Nir Etzion, a moshav established by survivors of the massacre
  • Har Etzion, a yeshiva founded during the bloc's reestablishment
  • Etzion Airbase, a former Israeli AFB in the Sinai Peninsula near the Red Sea (currently Taba International Airport)
  • Etzion, the codename for the Israeli Air Force base in Žatec, Czechoslovakia, in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
  • Yehuda Etzion, an Israeli activist and member of the Jewish Underground
  • Yeshiva Etzion, a yeshiva located in Queens, NY, established in 2003 by Rabbi Avraham Gaon
  • Yeshivat Or Etzion, a Hesder Yeshiva, religious high school, and religious army preparation high school
  • Gush Etzion Convoy, one of many convoys sent by the Haganah to the four blockaded kibbutz im of Gush Etzion
  • Gush Etzion Junction ("Tzomet HaGush") also known as Gush Junction