Eugene Amandus Schwarz

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Eugene Amandus Schwarz.

Eugene Amandus Schwarz (April 21, 1844 - October 15, 1928) was a German-American entomologist who specialized in the study of beetles (Coleoptera). He was a popular and influential employee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture for more than fifty years.

Schwarz was born on April 21, 1844 in Liegnitz, Silesia, part of Prussia at that time. He studied zoology and entomology at the universities in Breslau and Leipzig and then emigrated to the United States in 1872. He was hired by Hermann August Hagen to work in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. He also attended lectures by Hagen and Louis Agassiz. When Aggasiz died in 1873, the museum had financial difficulties and Schwarz chose to quit his position and look elsewhere for work.

While at Harvard, Schwarz had met Henry Guernsey Hubbard who was to become a life-long friend and collaborator. In 1874 they traveled to Detroit and stayed for a time to collect beetles in the region and establish the Detroit Scientific Association. In 1875 they made a collecting expedition through Florida. Upon their return, the American Association for the Advancement of Science was meeting in Detroit and Schwarz had the opportunity to meet many of the leading American entomologists including John Lawrence LeConte and Charles Valentine Riley.

Later, Schwarz joined LeConte on a collecting expedition to the American West. In 1878, he obtained a post with the Department of Agriculture, a function he kept until his death in 1928. He exercised a great influence on many American entomologists. He was a member of the Entomological Society of Washington, the Washington Biologists’ Field Club and the Entomological Society of America. He played a very important role in the organisation of the insect collections of the National Museum of Natural History.


  • Howard, L. O. (1928). "Dr. E. A. Schwarz". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 30 (9): 154–183. 
  • Mallis, Arnold (1971). American Entomologists. Rutgers University Press. pp. 252–257. 
  • Eugene Amandus Schwarz Papers, 1875-1928. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Record Unit 7104.

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