Eugeniusz Rudnik

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Eugeniusz Rudnik
Born (1932-10-28)28 October 1932
Nadkole, Poland
Origin Polish
Died 24 October 2016(2016-10-24) (aged 83)
Occupation(s) Composer, sound director, sound engineer
Instruments Electroacoustic
Years active 1960–2016

Eugeniusz Rudnik (28 October 1932 – 24 October 2016) was a modern Polish composer, electronics engineer and sound engineer and a pioneer of electronic and electro-acoustic music in Poland.[1]

Early life[edit]

Rudnik was born on 28 October 1932 in Nadkole.[2][3]

In 1967 he graduated from the Faculty of Electronics on Warsaw University of Technology. From 1955 he worked for Polish Radio, at first as the manager of plumbers, carpenters and painters.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1958 Rudnik started working in the Experimental Studio of the Polish Radio, fourth such facility in Europe, founded and directed by Józef Patkowski. Between 1967-68, he worked in the Studio for Electronic Music of the Westdeutscher Rundfunk in Cologne, when he cooperated with Włodzimierz Kotoński by the implementation of Klangspiele. In the late 1960s and 1970s Rudnik co- created some of Norwegian composer Arne Nordheim works, including "Colorazione" and "Solitaire" (1969).

Rudnik was one of the first Polish electroacoustic music producers and co-founder of the so-called Polish school of electroacoustic music and author of innovative solutions of spatial sound projection, composer of Skalary (1966). He was also author of the one of the first in the world poliversional tracks to tape, and the first Polish track quadraphonic Vox Humana (1968) carried out in Studio WDR in Cologne. His work has defined and confirmed the role of sound producer as a co-author of the works of electroacoustic music.

As a composer Rudnik created almost 100 works in studios of electronic music in Warsaw, Stockholm, Cologne, Paris, Bourges, Baden-Baden, Brussels and Ghent. They were presented on different radio stations throughout Europe and in many countries, as well as at many festivals in Warsaw, Wrocław, Finland, Zagreb, Stockholm, Berlin, Paris, Arles, and other sites. In 2006, he was a central figure in Warsaw edition of Audio Art Festival. His composition Homo Ludens was presented in 1985 at the prestigious world exhibition of contemporary art Documenta VII in Kassel.

Awards and honors[edit]

He won many awards. In addition to the ones already mentioned, they include one at the First International Electronic Music Competition for "Dixi" (1968), 1st prize at the Bourges International Electroacoustic Music Competition (France) for "Mobile" (1972), 3rd prize in Bourges for "Ostinato" (1973), 2nd prize in Bourges for "Homo Ludens" (1984).

He was named Chairman of the Committee on Radio and Television "for his outstanding achievements in the field of creativity and execution of experimental electronic music for programs of Polish Radio and Television". He received the Warsaw Golden Badge of Honour for services to Warsaw (1987), an honorary radio award at the Festiwal Mediów "Człowiek w zagrożeniu" in Łódź for the "eternal and universal values of the human being documenting the threats of modern civilization" (1991), the Euphonia d'or prize in Bourges, also for "Mobile", the Golden Microphone Award for "valued worldwide achievements in the field of radio art and experimental autonomous music" (1993) and the first prize (shared with Maria Brzezińska) at the XVII Międzynarodowy Katolicki Festiwal Filmów i Multimediów in Niepokalanów, and at the "Dwa Teatry" festival in Gdańsk for "Przyjaciółki z Żelaznej ulicy" (2002).

In 2000 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. On 27 October 2012, at the Soundedit Festival, Rudnik received Człowiek ze Złotym Uchem award for "pioneering work in the field of music production". He died on 24 October 2016, four days before his 84th birthday.[5][6]

Autonomous pieces of art[edit]

  1. 1965–Kolaż
  2. 1965–Korzeń
  3. 1965–Lekcja
  4. 1966–Skalary – studium technologiczne
  5. 1967–Dixi
  6. 1968–Metamorfoza – muzyka ilustracyjna
  7. 1968–Vox Humana
  8. 1969–Rondo
  9. 1970–My
  10. 1971–Divertimento
  11. 1972–Mobile
  12. 1972–Mobile (wersja czterokanałowa)
  13. 1973–Ostinato
  14. 1973–Ready made
  15. 1973–Wokale
  16. 1974–Etiuda monotematyczna
  17. 1974–Muzyka baletowa
  18. 1974–Nature morte avec l’oiseau (wersja czterokanałowa)
  19. 1974–Nature morte avec l'oiseau
  20. 1974–Ostinato (wersja czterokanałowa)
  21. 1974–Ring
  22. 1974–Ring II
  23. 1975–Gołębie Warszawy (nagranie czterokanałowe)
  24. 1975–Nokturn
  25. 1976–Cztery poematy
  26. 1977–Ready made'77
  27. 1978–Polak melduje z kosmosu
  28. 1979–Etude de l'aspirine parisienne
  29. 1979–Moulin diabolique
  30. 1979–My
  31. 1979–Nous
  32. 1979–Omagio all'anonimo
  33. 1980–Tryptyk – pamięci Franco Ewangelisty
  34. 1982–Berceuse
  35. 1982–Elegia – ofiarom wojny
  36. 1982–Elegy to the victims of the war
  37. 1984–Ekecheiria – szkic do portretu Mistrza
  38. 1984–Homo ludens – balet radiowy nie pozbawiony elementów autobiografii
  39. 1984–Kamienne epitafium – pamięci księdza Jerzego Popiełuszki
  40. 1984–Szkic do portretu Mistrza
  41. 1986–Podzwonne – pamięci Andrzeja Markowskiego
  42. 1989–Gilotyna – dg
  43. 1990–Annus miraculi
  44. 1990–Via crucis – epitafium poświęcone pamięci polskich oficerów zamordowanych w kwietniu i maju 1940 przez NKWD i pogrzebanych we wsi Katyń koło Smoleńska
  45. 1992–Pan Jezus niewierzących
  46. 1992–Ptacy i ludzie – etiuda koncertowa na czworo artystów, troje skrzypiec, dwa słowiki, nożyczki i garncarkę ludową
  47. 1994–Panichida – pamięci Jerzego Bienieckiego
  48. 1995–Annus mirabilis
  49. 1995–Diewuszka, wasze dokumienty
  50. 1995–Interludia
  51. 1995–Przyjaciółki z Żelaznej ulicy – radiowa ballada dokumentalna
  52. 1995–Sekunda wielka – mała suita dokumentalna dla dorosłych
  53. 1995–Theme G-M-E-B
  54. 1997–Divertimento
  55. 1997–Martwa natura z ptakiem, zegarem, strzelcem i panną
  56. 1997–Pourqoi Cocteau – epitafium na śmierć Wielkiego Aktora George'a Genicot
  57. 1997–Rumor
  58. 1998–Homo radiophonicus – radiowa ballada dokumentalna
  59. 1999–Jesień Ludów
  60. 1999–Peregrynacje Pana Podchorążego albo nadwiślańskie żarna – radiowa ballada dokumentalna
  61. 2001–Die Wandlung des Herrn Fahnrich oder die Muhisteine an der Weichsel -Eine dokumentarische mehrspachige Rundfunk Ballade
  62. 2002–Śniadanie na trawie w grocie Lascaux
  63. 2004–Agonia pastoralna
  64. 2004–Johna pamięci rapsod frywolny
  65. 2004–Manewry albo Dama i huzary – liryczny poemat dźwiękowy lub dźwiękowy poemat liryczny
  66. 2005–Ecce homo
  67. 2005–Epitafium – zamęczonym w kamiennym piekle Gross Rosen
  68. 2007–Epilogos
  69. 2007–Neomobile
  70. 2008–Larum – „Dlaboga, co się stało z Wami Żołnierze?”
  71. 2010–Dzięcielina pałała na taśmę

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jędrzej Słodkowski (24 July 2012). "Pionier clubbingu, przyjaciel Bono, Brygada Kryzys... Znamy bohaterów Soundedit". gazeta.pl. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  2. ^ gala rozdania nagród „Człowiek ze Złotym Uchem”, festiwal Soundedit, Łódź, 27 października 2012
  3. ^ Słodkowski, Jędrzej (28 October 2012). "Gala Soundedit: Ludzie ze Złotym Uchem i wspaniałe koncerty". gazeta.pl. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Antoni Beksiak. "The Erotically Audacious Electronic Eugeniusz", Culture.pl; retrieved 29 May 2014.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ RIP: Eugeniusz Rudnik, tinymixtapes.com; accessed 28 October 2016.

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Archives of Bolesław Błaszczyk 2008;
  2. G. Michalski; Eugeniusz Rudnik, in: Ruch Muzyczny nr 7, 1970,
  3. J. Bieniecki: Bajadery Eugeniusza Rudnika, in: Teatr Polskiego Radia, nr 1, 1997,
  4. D. Mazurowski; Z E.R. rozmowa niesymetryczna, in: Estrada i Studio, nr 1, 2, 2000.
  5. A. Beksiak; The Erotically Audacious Electronic Eugeniusz, on: Culture.pl, November 2012. Retrieved 29-05-2014
  6. F. Lech; ERdada for tape - Eugeniusz Rudnik, on: Culture.pl, May 2014; retrieved 29-05-2014