European Union Monitoring Mission
European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) is an unarmed civilian monitoring mission. EUMM was deployed in September 2008 following the EU-mediated Six Point Agreement which ended the August war. Mission started its monitoring activities on 1 October 2008 and ever since the deployment mission has been patrolling day and night, particularly in the areas adjacent to the Administrative Boundary Lines with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Mission has around 200 monitors from various EU Member States working on the ground. EUMM's Headquarters are in Tbilisi and Field Offices in Gori, Mtskheta and Zugdidi.
EUMM’s priorities are to ensure that there is no return to hostilities, to facilitate the resumption of a safe and normal life for the local communities living in the areas adjacent to Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and to build confidence among the conflict parties.
EUMM’s mandate is valid throughout all of Georgia. However, the de facto authorities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have so far denied EUMM's access to the territories under their control. EUMM operates under the CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) of the EU.
EUMM (previously ECMM) in the former Yugoslavia
European Union had a monitoring mission in the former Yugoslavia. Former EUMM began operating in July 1991 under the name of ECMM (European Community Monitor Mission). The mission was financed by the European Commission and consisted of 75 field specialists. The mission was headquartered in Zagreb and its designated area included Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania and the Republic of Macedonia. ECMM was renamed as European Union Monitoring Mission on 22 December 2000.
In January 1992, the mission was briefly suspended following the helicopter downing that killed five of its observers.
On 25 April 2012, the government of Abkhazia declared the head of the EUMM in Georgia, Andrzej Tyszkiewicz, persona non grata, accusing him of being biased towards the Georgian position in the conflict.
- ESDP missions
- Wolfgang Tiede and Jakob Schirmer: "Die rechtlichen Grundlagen der Überwachungsmission der Europäischen Union in Georgien (EUMM)" ("The legal basis of the European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM)" in Osteuropa-Recht (OER)) 2008 (German Law Journal), (December 2009) vol. 4, pp. 403–413.
- European Union Special Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina - European Union Monitoring Mission. Retrieved 20 October 2006.
- "EC suspends peace monitoring/Observers killed in helicopter shot down over Yugoslavia". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. 1992-01-08. p. 16. Retrieved 2012-01-09.
- "Sokhumi Slams EUMM Head". Civil Georgia. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.