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Euthydemia or Euthymedeia was the ancient city of Sagala belonging to the Bactrian Dynasty, now located in modern-day Sialkot, Pakistan.[1] The British classical scholar William Woodthorpe Tarn, suggested that "Euthydemia" was never assigned as a new name for ancient Sagala, and that the name was actually Euthymedeia. The altered name was suggested to have been a 1738 alteration made by historian T Beyer.[2] The city was mentioned by Ptolemy in his 1st century BCE work, Geography.[3][1]

In the 2nd century BCE, Euthydemia also known as Sagala,[4] was made the capital of the Indo-Greek kingdom by the buddhist King Milinda, as recorded in the Buddhist text Milinda Panha.[5]


  1. ^ a b Tarn, William Woodthorpe (2010-06-24). The Greeks in Bactria and India. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108009416. 
  2. ^ Cohen, Getzel M. (2013-06-02). The Hellenistic Settlements in the East from Armenia and Mesopotamia to Bactria and India. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520953567. 
  3. ^ Journal of Indian History. 1960. 
  4. ^ Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1. Parbury, Allen, & Co. 1827. pp. 328, 329. 
  5. ^ McEvilley, Thomas (2012). The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 9781581159332. Retrieved 2 June 2017.