Exeter (1793 ship)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

History
Great Britain
Name: Exeter
Owner:
  • 1796:R. Whitford
  • 1801: A. Dunlop[1]
  • 1802:Colvins & Bajett[2]
  • 1806: W.Christie[3]
Builder: George Foreman & Nathaniel Bacon, Calcutta[4]
Launched: 26 December 1793[4]
Fate: Last listed in Lloyd's Register in 1834
Notes: Teak-built
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 500, or 503,[4] or 600[2][5] (bm)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement:
  • 1800:20[6]
  • 1806:22
Armament:
  • 1800:6 × 4-pounder guns[6]
  • 1801:6 × 6-pounder guns[1]
  • 1806:6 × 3&9-pounder guns + 2 × 18-pounder carronades[3]

Exeter was launched at Calcutta in 1793. She made three voyages from Calcutta to England for the British East India Company (EIC). She was lost in August 1806 in a hurricane while returning to London from Jamaica.

Career[edit]

EIC voyage #1 (1796-1798): Captain Richard Whitford was at Calcutta on 27 January 1796 to sail for England. On 24 February Exeter was at Saugor and by 30 July she was at St Augustine's Bay, Madagascar. Three weeks later, on 20 September she was at Bombay.[7] The reason for the return to India was that she had sustained damages and had to put back for repairs. Whitford had to enter into several bottomry bonds to finance the repairs. When he eventually could not repay them the case went to court to determine the order of priority of the claims.

From Bombay Exeter sailed to Trincomalee, arriving on 27 March 1797. Homeward-bound, she was at the Cape of Good Hope on 19 October, St Helena on 10 December, and the Downs on 30 January 1798.[7]

Exeter was admitted to the Registry of Great Britain on 23 July 1798.[8]

EIC voyage #2 (1800): Captain Anthony Dunlop left Calcutta on 1 February 1800. Exeter was at Kedgeree on 8 March and St Helena on 17 June. She arrived at the Downs on 6 September.[7]

Dunlop acquired a letter of marque on 26 November 1800.[6][6] Two days later he paid a bill for repairs of £2979 11s 11d.[9]

On 14 January 1801 HMS Argo was off Ferrol serving as escort for Mornington, Eliza Ann, and Exeter, which were bound for India, and a whaler. They encountered a small Spanish ship that Argo captured.[10]

EIC voyage #3 (1801-1802): Captain John McIntosh left Calcutta on 1 July 1801. Exeter was at Kedgeree on 1 September and St Helena on 6 January 1802. She arrived at the Downs on 1 March.[7]

The New Oriental Register... reported in 1802 that her master was Captain John Parsons, and her owner Colvins & Bajett.[2]

Fate[edit]

The Register of Shipping for 1806 lists Exeter, A. Smillie, master, as sailing between London and Jamaica.[3]

Exeter was one of 13 vessels of the Jamaica Fleet that were sunk in the August 1806 Great Coastal hurricane. Of the 109 vessels, by October five vessels of the 109 in the convoy were still unaccounted for, though only the 13 were known to have sunk. On the vessels known to have been lost, 70 crew drowned, including 22 men from Exeter; two of her crew were saved.[11] Lloyd's List reported that Exeter, A. Smellie, master, had been lost on 21 August.[12] (Other vessels lost included Nutwell and Herculean.)

There is one report that Exeter foundered in the South China Sea,[4] but there is no other evidence to support that report, and a great deal of evidence in support of the loss on 21 August on her return journey from Jamaica to London.

Citations and references[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Register of Shipping (1801), Seq.№E480.
  2. ^ a b c New Oriental Register... (1802), p.71.
  3. ^ a b c Register of Shipping (1806) , Seq. №E677.
  4. ^ a b c d Hackman (2001), p. 231.
  5. ^ Phipps (1840), p. 119.
  6. ^ a b c d "Letter of Marque, p.62 - accessed 25 July 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d British Library: Exeter (3).
  8. ^ Select... (1814), p.627.
  9. ^ Select... (1814), p.613.
  10. ^ Lloyd's List 13 February 1801, №4125.
  11. ^ Grocott (1997), p. 221.
  12. ^ Lloyd's List №4089.

References

  • Grocott, Terence (1997) Shipwrecks of the revolutionary & Napoleonic eras (Chatham). ISBN 1-86176-030-2
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001). Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7.
  • New Oriental Register and East India Directory for 1802 (1802). (London: Black's and Parry).
  • Phipps, John, (of the Master Attendant's Office, Calcutta), (1840) A Collection of Papers Relative to Ship Building in India ...: Also a Register Comprehending All the Ships ... Built in India to the Present Time .... (Scott).
  • Select Committee on Petitions Relating to East-India-Built Shipping, House of Commons, Parliament of Great Britain (1814) Minutes of the Evidence Taken Before the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Petitions Relating to East-India-built Shipping. (His Majesty's Stationery Office).