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Original author(s) Phil Harvey
Initial release 19 November 2003 (13 years ago) (2003-11-19)[1]
Stable release
10.36[2] / November 24, 2016 (2016-11-24)
Preview release
10.38[2] / January 5, 2017 (2017-01-05)
Repository sourceforge.net/p/exiftool/code/ci/master/tree/
Development status Active
Operating system Windows, OS X, Linux
Available in English
Type Tag editor
License GPL 1+ or Artistic License
Website owl.phy.queensu.ca/~phil/exiftool/
Meta Information Encapsulation
Filename extension .mie
Internet media type application/x-mie
Magic number
  • 7e 10 04 xx 30 4d 49 45
  • 7e 18 04 xx 30 4d 49 45
Developed by Phil Harvey
Initial release 28 November 2005 (11 years ago) (2005-11-28)
Latest release
(January 21, 2007 (2007-01-21))
Type of format Metadata
Container for any other file format
Website owl.phy.queensu.ca/~phil/exiftool/TagNames/MIE.html

ExifTool is a free and open-source software program for reading, writing, and manipulating image, audio, and video metadata. It is platform independent, available as both a Perl library (Image::ExifTool) and command-line application. ExifTool is commonly incorporated into different types of digital workflows and supports many types of metadata including Exif, IPTC, XMP, JFIF, GeoTIFF, ICC Profile, Photoshop IRB, FlashPix, AFCP and ID3, as well as the manufacturer-specific metadata formats of many digital cameras.

The image hosting site Flickr uses ExifTool to parse the metadata from uploaded images.[3]

Meta Information Encapsulation[edit]

ExifTool implements its own open metadata format. It is designed to encapsulate meta information from many sources, in binary or textual form, and bundle it together with any type of file. It can either be a single file, wrapping existing data, or used as a sidecar file, carrying for example Exif or XMP metadata.

Supported file types[edit]

ExifTool can read, edit or create metadata in files with the following formats:[4]

File Type Can read? Can edit? Can create? Description
3FR Yes No No Hasselblad RAW (TIFF-based)
3G2, 3GP2 Yes Yes No 3rd Gen. Partnership Project 2 audio/video (QuickTime-based)
3GP, 3GPP Yes Yes No 3rd Gen. Partnership Project audio/video (QuickTime-based)
AA Yes No No Audible Audiobook
ACR Yes No No American College of Radiology ACR-NEMA (DICOM-like)
AFM, ACFM, AMFM Yes No No Adobe (Composite/Multiple Master) Font Metrics
AI, AIT Yes Yes No Adobe Illustrator (Template, PS or PDF)
AIFF, AIF, AIFC Yes No No Audio Interchange File Format
APE Yes No No Monkey's Audio
ARW Yes Yes No Sony Alpha RAW (TIFF-based)
ASF Yes No No Microsoft Advanced Systems Format
AVI Yes No No Audio Video Interleaved (RIFF-based)
BMP, DIB Yes No No Windows BitMaP / Device Independent Bitmap
BTF, TIFF, TIF Yes No No BigTIFF (64-bit Tagged Image File Format)
CHM Yes No No Microsoft Compiled HTML format
COS Yes No No Capture One Settings (XML-based)
CR2 Yes Yes No Canon RAW 2 (TIFF-based)
CRW, CIFF Yes Yes No Canon RAW Camera Image File Format (CRW specification)
CS1 Yes Yes No Sinar CaptureShop 1-shot RAW (PSD-based)
DCM, DC3, DIC, DICM Yes No No DICOM - Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine
DCP Yes Yes No DNG Camera Profile (DNG-like)
DCR Yes No No Kodak Digital Camera RAW (TIFF-based)
DFONT Yes No No Macintosh Data Fork Font
DIVX Yes No No DivX media format (ASF-based)
DJVU, DJV Yes No No DjVu image (AIFF-like)
DNG Yes Yes No Digital Negative (TIFF-based)
DOC, DOT Yes No No Microsoft Word Document/Template (FPX-like)
DOCX, DOCM Yes No No Office Open XML Document (Macro-enabled)
DOTX, DOTM Yes No No Office Open XML Document Template (Macro-enabled)
DYLIB Yes No No Mac OS X Mach-O executable and library files
DV Yes No No Digital Video
DVB Yes Yes No Digital Video Broadcasting (QuickTime-based)
EIP Yes No No Capture One Enhanced Image Package (ZIP-based)
EPS, EPSF, PS Yes Yes No (Encapsulated) PostScript Format
EPUB Yes No No Electronic Publication Format
ERF Yes Yes No Epson RAW Format (TIFF-based)
EXE, DLL Yes No No DOS/Windows executable and library files
Exif Yes Yes Yes Exchangeable Image File Format metadata (TIFF-based)
EXR Yes No No Open EXR (Extended Range)
F4A, F4B, F4P, F4V Yes Yes No Adobe Flash Player 9+ Audio/Video (Quicktime-based)
FFF Yes Yes No Hasselblad Flexible File Format (TIFF-based)
FFF Yes No No FLIR thermal image File Format
FLA Yes No No Macromedia/Adobe Flash project (FPX-like)
FLAC Yes No No Free Lossless Audio Codec
FLV Yes No No Flash Video
FPF Yes No No FLIR Public image Format
FPX Yes No No FlashPix image
GIF Yes Yes No Compuserve Graphics Interchange Format
GZ, GZIP Yes No No GNU ZIP compressed archive
HDP, WDP Yes Yes No Windows HD Photo / Media Photo (TIFF-based)
HDR Yes No No Radiance RGBE (Red Green Blue Exponent) High Dynamic-Range
HTML, HTM, XHTML Yes No No (Extensible) HyperText Markup Language
ICC, ICM Yes Yes Yes International Color Consortium color profile
IDML Yes No No Adobe InDesign Markup Language (ZIP/XML-based)
IIQ Yes Yes No Phase One Intelligent Image Quality RAW (TIFF-based)
IND, INDD, INDT Yes Yes No Adobe InDesign Document/Template (XMP metadata only)
INX Yes No No Adobe InDesign Interchange (XML-based, XMP metadata only)
ITC Yes No No iTunes Cover Flow artwork
J2C, JPC Yes No No JPEG 2000 codestream
JP2, JPM, JPX Yes Yes No JPEG 2000 image
JPEG, JPG Yes Yes No Joint Photographic Experts Group image (see table below)
K25 Yes No No Kodak DC25 RAW (TIFF-based)
KDC Yes No No Kodak Digital Camera RAW (TIFF-based)
KEY, KTH Yes No No Apple iWork '09 Keynote presentation/Theme
LA Yes No No Lossless Audio (RIFF-based)
LNK Yes No No Microsoft Shell Link (Windows shortcut)
M2TS, MTS, M2T, TS Yes No No MPEG-2 Transport Stream (used for AVCHD video)
M4A, M4B, M4P, M4V Yes Yes No MPEG-4 Audio/Video (Quicktime-based)
MEF Yes Yes No Mamiya (RAW) Electronic Format (TIFF-based)
MIE Yes Yes Yes Meta Information Encapsulation (MIE specification)
MIFF, MIF Yes No No Magick Image File Format
MKA, MKV, MKS Yes No No Matroska Audio/Video/Subtitle
MOBI Yes No No Electronic Publication Format
MODD Yes No No Sony Picture Motion metadata (PLIST-based)
MOS Yes Yes No Creo Leaf Mosaic (TIFF-based)
MOV, QT Yes Yes No Apple QuickTime Movie
MP3 Yes No No MPEG-1 layer 3 audio (uses ID3 information)
MP4 Yes Yes No Motion Picture Experts Group version 4 (Quicktime-based)
MPC Yes No No Musepack Audio
MPEG, MPG, M2V Yes No No Motion Picture Experts Group version 1 or 2
MPO Yes Yes No Extended Multi-Picture format (JPEG with MPF extensions)
MQV Yes Yes No Sony Mobile QuickTime Video
MRW Yes Yes No Minolta RAW
MXF Yes No No Material Exchange Format
NEF Yes Yes No Nikon (RAW) Electronic Format (TIFF-based)
NMBTEMPLATE Yes No No Apple iWork '09 Numbers Template
NRW Yes Yes No Nikon RAW (2) (TIFF-based)
NUMBERS Yes No No Apple iWork '09 Numbers spreadsheet
Yes No No Open Document Database/Chart/Formula/Graphics/
Image/Presentation/Spreadsheet/Text (ZIP/XML-based)
OFR Yes No No OptimFROG audio (RIFF-based)
OGG Yes No No Ogg Vorbis and Ogg FLAC audio
ORF Yes Yes No Olympus RAW Format (TIFF-based)
OTF Yes No No Open Type Font
PAC Yes No No Lossless Predictive Audio Compression (RIFF-based)
PAGES Yes No No Apple iWork '09 Pages document
PCD Yes No No Kodak Photo CD Image Pac
PDF Yes Yes No Adobe Portable Document Format
PEF Yes Yes No Pentax (RAW) Electronic Format (TIFF-based)
PFA, PFB Yes No No PostScript Font ASCII/Binary
PFM Yes No No Printer Font Metrics
PGF Yes No No Progressive Graphics File
PICT, PCT Yes No No Apple Picture file
PLIST Yes No No Apple Property List (XML-based)
PMP Yes No No Sony DSC-F1 Cyber-Shot image
PNG, JNG, MNG Yes Yes No Portable/JPEG/Multiple-image Network Graphics
PPM, PBM, PGM Yes Yes No Portable Pixel/Bit/Gray Map
PPT, PPS, POT Yes No No Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation/Slideshow/Template (FPX-like)
POTX, POTM Yes No No Office Open XML Presentation Template (Macro-enabled)
PPSX, PPSM Yes No No Office Open XML Presentation Slideshow (Macro-enabled)
PPTX, PPTM Yes No No Office Open XML Presentation (Macro-enabled)
PSD, PSB Yes Yes No PhotoShop Drawing / Large Document
PSP, PSPIMAGE Yes No No Paint Shop Pro
QTIF, QTI, QIF Yes Yes No QuickTime Image File
RA Yes No No RealAudio
RAF Yes Yes No FujiFilm RAW Format
RAM, RPM Yes No No RealAudio/Plug-in Metafile
RAR Yes No No RAR Archive
RAW Yes No No Kyocera Contax N Digital RAW
RAW Yes Yes No Panasonic RAW (TIFF-based)
RIFF, RIF Yes No No Resource Interchange File Format
RM, RV, RMVB Yes No No Real Media/Video (Variable Bitrate)
RSRC Yes No No Mac OS Resource
RTF Yes No No Rich Text Format
RW2 Yes Yes No Panasonic RAW 2 (TIFF-based)
RWL Yes Yes No Leica RAW (TIFF-based)
RWZ Yes No No Rawzor compressed image
SO Yes No No Unix ELF executable and Shared Object files
SR2 Yes Yes No Sony RAW 2 (TIFF-based)
SRF Yes No No Sony RAW Format (TIFF-based)
SRW Yes Yes No Samsung RAW format (TIFF-based)
SVG Yes No No Scalable Vector Graphics (XML-based)
SWF Yes No No Shockwave Flash
THM Yes Yes No Canon Thumbnail (JPEG)
THMX Yes No No Office Open XML Theme
TIFF, TIF Yes Yes No Tagged Image File Format
TTF, TTC Yes No No True Type Font/Collection
VOB Yes No No Video Object (MPEG-based)
VRD Yes Yes Yes Canon DPP Recipe Data
VSD Yes No No Microsoft Visio Drawing (FPX-like)
WAV Yes No No Windows digital audio WAVeform (RIFF-based)
WEBM Yes No No Google Web Movie (MKV-based)
WEBP Yes No No Google Web Picture (RIFF-based)
WMA, WMV Yes No No Windows Media Audio/Video (ASF-based)
WV Yes No No WavePack lossless audio (RIFF-based)
X3F Yes Yes No Sigma/Foveon RAW
XCF Yes No No GIMP native image format
XLS, XLT Yes No No Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet/Template (FPX-like)
XLSX, XLSM, XLSB Yes No No Office Open XML Spreadsheet (Macro-enabled/Binary)
XLTX, XLTM Yes No No Office Open XML Spreadsheet Template (Macro-enabled)
XMP Yes Yes Yes Extensible Metadata Platform sidecar file
ZIP Yes No No ZIP archive

Supported JPEG metadata[edit]

ExifTool can read, edit or create the following types of metadata in JPEG images:[4]

JPEG Meta Information Can read? Can edit? Can create? Description
APP0 - JFIF Yes Yes Yes JPEG File Interchange Format
APP0 - JFXX Yes No No Extended JFIF
APP0 - CIFF Yes Yes No Camera Image File Format (used by some Canon models)
APP0 - AVI1 Yes No No JPEG AVI information
APP0 - Ocad Yes No No Photobucket Ocad segment
APP1 - Exif Yes Yes Yes Exchangeable Image File Format (including maker notes)
APP1 - XMP Yes Yes Yes Extensible Metadata Platform (multi-segment)
APP1 - QVCI Yes No No Casio QV-7000SX QVCI information
APP1 - FLIR Yes No No FLIR thermal imaging data (multi-segment)
APP2 - ICC Yes Yes Yes International Color Consortium (multi-segment)
APP2 - FPXR Yes No No FlashPix Ready (multi-segment)
APP2 - MPF Yes No No Multi-Picture Format
APP2 - PreviewImage Yes No No Samsung APP2 preview image (multi-segment)
APP3 - Kodak Meta Yes Yes No Kodak Meta information (Exif-like)
APP3 - Stim Yes No No Stereo Still Image format
APP3 - PreviewImage Yes No No Samsung/HP preview image (multi-segment)
APP4 - Scalado Yes No No (presumably written by Scalado mobile software)
APP4 - FPXR Yes No No FlashPix Ready in non-standard location (multi-segment)
APP4 - PreviewImage Yes No No (continued from APP3)
APP5 - Ricoh RMETA Yes No No Ricoh custom fields
APP5 - PreviewImage Yes No No (continued from APP4)
APP6 - EPPIM Yes No No Toshiba PrintIM
APP6 - NITF Yes No No National Imagery Transmission Format
APP6 - HP TDHD Yes No No Hewlett-Packard Photosmart R837 TDHD information
APP7 - Pentax Yes No No Pentax APP7 maker notes
APP7 - Qualcomm Yes No No Qualcomm Camera Attributes
APP8 - SPIFF Yes No No Still Picture Interchange File Format
APP10 - Comment Yes No No PhotoStudio Unicode Comment
APP12 - Picture Info Yes No No ASCII-based Picture Information
APP12 - Ducky Yes Yes Yes Photoshop "Save for Web"
APP13 - Photoshop IRB Yes Yes Yes Image Resource Block (multi-segment, includes IPTC)
APP13 - Adobe CM Yes No No Adobe Color Management
APP14 - Adobe Yes Yes Yes Adobe DCT filter
APP15 - GraphicConverter Yes No No GraphicConverter quality
COM Yes Yes Yes JPEG Comment (multi-segment)
DQT Yes No No (used to calculate the Extra:JPEGDigest tag value)
SOF Yes No No JPEG Start Of Frame
AFCP trailer Yes Yes No AXS File Concatenation Protocol (includes IPTC)
CanonVRD trailer Yes Yes Yes Canon DPP Recipe Data
FotoStation trailer Yes Yes No FotoWare FotoStation (includes IPTC)
PhotoMechanic trailer Yes Yes No Camera Bits Photo Mechanic
MIE trailer Yes Yes No Meta Information Encapsulation
PreviewImage trailer Yes Yes Yes (preview image written after JPEG EOI)

See also[edit]

  • Libsndfile see sndfile-info which displays audio file info


  1. ^ ExifTool Ancient History
  2. ^ a b ExifTool Version History
  3. ^ cberry (June 1, 2012). "Parsing Exif client-side using JavaScript". code.flickr.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Supported File Types

External links[edit]