F. Van Wyck Mason
|F. Van Wyck Mason|
|Born||Francis Van Wyck Mason
November 11, 1901
Boston, Massachusetts, US
|Died||August 28, 1978
|Alma mater||Harvard College|
|Genre||Pulp magazine, historical fiction, detective fiction, spy fiction, young adult fiction|
Francis Van Wyck Mason (November 11, 1901 – August 28, 1978) was an American historian and novelist. He had a long and prolific career as a writer spanning 50 years and including 78 published novels, many of which were best sellers and well received.
Early life and education
Van Wyck (pronounced Wike) Mason was born to a patrician Boston family which immigrated to North America during the 17th Century. His early life featured much adventure, before he began writing. His first eight years he lived in Berlin and then Paris, where his grandfather served as U.S. Consul General, and during that time he learned the French language. After a few years in Illinois he left for Europe during 1917, while still a teenager, to fight in World War I. Like many future writers, he was an ambulance driver for a while. He then managed to enlist in the French Army, where he received decorations as an artillery officer, including the Legion of Honor. By Armistice Day, he was celebrating his 17th birthday yet had already joined the United States Army and achieved the rank of Lieutenant. After the war he went to preparatory school, then attended Harvard University, where he received his Bachelor of Science degree during 1924. At one time during his college days, he was mistakenly arrested for murder; having borrowed a dinner jacket, he was identified wrongly as a waiter who had committed a murder.
His hopes of entering the diplomatic corps were thwarted after his father's death, so Mason started an importing business instead and spent the next few years traveling the world buying antiques and rugs. His travels included Europe, Russia, the Near East, North Africa (nine weeks with his own caravan), the West Indies, Central Africa, and a ride across Central America on horseback. He lived in New York City, served in a cavalry unit of the National Guard, and played quite a bit of polo. He indulged an interest in hunting the rest of his life.
Writing career and personal life
By 1927 a chance meeting with one of his college professors, John Gallishaw, encouraged him to try writing. He attended Gallishaw's course in short fiction on the condition that he pay for the course out of future sales. He married socialite Dorothy L. MacReady in New York City during November of that year. By May 1928 he had his first story published. He enjoyed immediate success selling to the pulp magazines and sold 18 stories before his first rejection. The magazines paid well at that time, and he was soon able to build a comfortable home outside of Baltimore, Maryland. During 1930, he published his first novel, The Seeds Of Murder, which introduced Captain Hugh North, an agent of U.S. Army Intelligence. North was the hero in a long series of "intrigue" novels.
By 1931, he had settled into a career as an author of novels as well as short fiction, publishing two more Captain North novels and his first historical novel, Captain Nemesis, which was republished from an earlier pulp serial. The historical novel apparently did not sell well, because he resumed the mystery/intrigue genre, publishing a dozen or so volumes during the next seven years. He developed his character Hugh North in these books. North was a prototype for James Bond: tough, athletic, a good shot and hand-to-hand fighter, as well as perfect in dress, manner, and speech for elegant society. The North series also sometimes foreshadowed actual military events, including a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.
Mason was still writing historical stories for the pulps during this period and during 1938 resumed the genre for a major novel, Three Harbours, about the early phases of the American Revolution. By this time Mason was doing very well financially, with residences in Bermuda and Nantucket, as well as Maryland. When delivering the manuscript of Three Harbours from Nantucket, he was caught in the middle of the New England Hurricane of 1938. He made it to New York, and the book became very popular. It changed his emphasis to historical fiction for the rest of his career, though he continued to write Hugh North stories until 1968.
During the next few years, he wrote two companion books to Three Harbours - Stars on the Sea and Rivers Of Glory - as well as three more Hugh North mysteries. These books all sold well, especially Stars on the Sea, which was a top 10 bestseller for 1940, and Mason was very successful when the war interrupted his writing. He re-enlisted in the Army after Pearl Harbor and suspended his writing career, though he did manage to write some youth oriented war stories using the name Frank W. Mason. At this time he also published a couple of reworked pulp serials using the name Ward Weaver. During World War II, he worked as Chief Historian on General Eisenhower's staff, having achieved the rank of Colonel, and received numerous awards for bravery. His main responsibility was to document the war for future generations, but he also wrote a famous communiqué which announced the activities of D-Day to the world. As part of his duties he followed behind or with advancing troops as they worked their way into enemy territory and was one of the first into some of the concentration camps, including Buchenwald.
After the war, he settled into a more leisurely lifestyle of a little more than one book per year, which he was to maintain for the next quarter century. His style was well refined by this time, and he published a series of fairly popular books. He finished his American Revolution series with Eagle in the Sky during 1948. The next year, he wrote Cutlass Empire, a popular novel about the famous buccaneer Henry Morgan, and during 1951 started a trilogy about the US Civil War.
During the 1950s, he rewrote more of his pulps for the paperback market and published a successful youth book named The Winter At Valley Forge during 1955. After that, he continued to write historical novels for youths. Also during the 1950, he relocated from Baltimore to Bermuda. His wife was ill during this period and finally died during 1958.
He was soon remarried to Jean-Louise Hand, his long-time secretary. He spent the rest of his life in Bermuda, writing historical fiction for adults and youths, as well as several more Hugh North novels.
He drowned during 1978, while swimming off the coast of Bermuda after having finished his final novel, Armored Giants, about the battle between the Monitor and Merrimack, which was published posthumously during 1980.
As a writer his career was based on popular fiction but included four main genres: Pulp fiction, Mystery/intrigue (mainly based on series character Hugh North), historical fiction, and young adult fiction.
Mason's writing style was colorful though straightforward. His stories usually involve a heroic gentleman character. This hero may be forced to extreme measures by circumstances, but in the end, is victorious. Based on his own life which involved extensive travel, his stories are usually either set in exotic locations, as in the Hugh North stories, or involve main characters who are traveling extensively.
This early work of adventure stories started with The Fetish Of Sergeant M’Gourra during May 1928 and continued until he started his more serious historical fiction during 1938. He published stories involving war, jungle settings, the French Foreign Legion, and historical adventures. Several of these early historical stories were rewritten and published as paperback originals during the 1950s.
Hugh North Series
Captain Hugh North, created during 1930, began with stories that had a fairly traditional mystery format. Later, these stories included more political intrigue until the later stories were mainly spy fiction.
His historical stories nearly always involve some kind of warfare and frequently include naval battles or long sea voyages. Most of his historical novels are prefaced by a fairly lengthy (usually several pages) discussion of the historical setting and context of his story. Often, with his fictional characters, Mason recounts the story of some significant but not widely known historical event. Actual historical people are occasionally introduced as minor characters of the plot.
- Olivier, Warner (December 9, 1938). "X Marks The Author". The Washington Post. p. 14.
It is inevitable, perhaps, that a comparison be drawn between the episode which occurred on the Damascus road and that which more contemporaneously has taken place in the life and career of a certain F. van Wyck (pronounced Wike) Mason, heretofore one of the sterling apostles in the Brotherhood of X Marks the Spot
- Cutter, William Richard; Adams, William Frederick (1910). "Coffin". Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts. New York: Lewis historical Pub. Co. pp. 2327–2328. Retrieved 2015-12-31.
Tristram Coffin married in Newbury (Massachusetts) March 2, 1652
- Van Gelder, Robert (July 1948). "Interview with a best-selling author F. van Wyck Mason". Cosmopolitan. pp. 18,101–102.
Mason's grandfather served as United States consul in Paris and Berlin, and Mason said that he spent most of his boyhood in Europe. 'I didn't learn English until I was nearly ten. I spoke French.'
- "Francis Van Wyck Mason." Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 10: 1976-1980. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995.
- "Harvard Graduates its Largest Class". The New York Times. June 20, 1924. p. 16.
Bachelors of Science ... Mason, F. van W.
- Mason, Van Wyck (1932). Branded Spy Murders, The. New York: The Crime Club. pp. dust jacket flap. ISBN 9997523113.
Mr. Mason claims the distinction of being one author who has actually been arrested for murder. He was returning from a party in a borrowed dinner coat during his Harvard days. The police were looking for a waiter who had committed a gruesome murder. They spied Mr. Mason in what they mistook for a waiter's outfit and took him to jail. When they discovered that every garment the culprit wore was marked with initials other than his own, they locked him up. And there he cooled his heels until friends answered his S. O. S. the next morning.
- Matthews, Jr., George (1961). Horse Tales.
Reminiscences of members of Troop C Squadron A 1919-1929
- The New York Times (June 9, 1940), pg. BR8
- New York Times (Nov 27, 1927), pg. N8
- New York Times (September 24, 1938), pg. 10
- The Washington Post (September 29, 1938), pg. X18
- New York Times (Oct 4, 1958), pg. 24
- Smith, J.Y. (Aug 30, 1978). "F. Van Wyck Mason, Prolific Novelist". The Washington Post. p. C8.