Fabella

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Fabella
Fabella with arrow.jpg
Details
Identifiers
LatinOs fabella
FMA281591
Anatomical terminology

The fabella (Latin for little bean) (or flabella) is a small sesamoid bone found in some mammals embedded in the tendon of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle behind the lateral condyle of the femur. It is an accessory bone, an anatomical variation present in 39% of humans.[1] [2] Rarely, there are two or three of these bones (fabella bi- or tripartita). It can be mistaken for a loose body or osteophyte.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berthaume MA, Di Federico E, Bull AMJ (2019). "Fabella prevalence rate increases over 150 years, and rates of other sesamoid bones remain constant: a systematic review". J of Anat. doi:10.1111/joa.12994.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Sore knee? Maybe you have a fabella". BBC News. 19 April 2019.
  • Berthaume MA, Di Federico E, Bull AMJ (2019). "Fabella prevalence rate increases over 150 years, and rates of other sesamoid bones remain constant: a systematic review". J of Anat. doi:10.1111/joa.12994.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Duncan W, Dahm D (2003). "Clinical anatomy of the fabella". Clin Anat. 16 (5): 448–449. doi:10.1002/ca.10137. PMID 12903068.
  • Platzer, Werner (2015). Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System (7th ed.). Thieme. ISBN 978-3-13-533306-9.

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