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Factor, a Latin word meaning "who/which acts", may refer to:
- Factor (agent), a person who acts for another, notably a mercantile and colonial agent
- Factor (Scotland), a person or firm managing a Scottish estate
- Factors of production, a resource used in the production of goods and services
- Factoring (finance), an entity providing commercial finance services
Science and technology
- Factor B and factor D, peptides involved in the alternate pathway of immune system complement activation
- Coagulation factors, substances essential for blood coagulation
- Environmental factor, any abiotic or biotic factor that affects life
- An enzyme, proteins that catalyze chemical reactions
- Transcription factor, a protein that binds to specific DNA sequences
Computer science and information technology
- Authentication factor, a piece of information used to verify a person's identity for security purposes
- Factor (programming language), a concatenative stack-oriented programming language
- A substring, a subsequence of consecutive symbols in a string
- Decomposition (computer science), also known as factoring, the organization of computer code
- Factor (Unix), a utility for factoring an integer into its prime factors.
Other uses in science
- Sun protection factor, a unit describing reduction in transmitted ultraviolet light
- Human factors, a profession that focuses on how people interact with products, tools, or procedures.
- In the design of experiments, a phenomenon presumed to affect an experiment
- A term in multiplication
- Divisor, an integer which evenly divides a number without leaving a remainder
- Factorization, the decomposition of an object into a product of other objects
- Integer factorization, the process of breaking down a composite number into smaller non-trivial divisors
- A coefficient, a multiplicative factor in an expression, usually a number
- The act of forming a factor group or quotient ring in abstract algebra
- A von Neumann algebra with a trivial center
- Factor (graph theory), a spanning subgraph
- Any finite contiguous subsequence of a word
- An independent variable, either categorical or continuous, controlled by the experimenter. However, "factor" is sometimes used synonymously with categorical variable, regardless whether it is controlled.
- Factor analysis is the study of how factors or certain variables affect other variables
- Max Factor, Sr. (1872–1938), Polish-American businessman and cosmetician
- Max Factor, Jr. (1904–1996), son of the above, born Francis Factor
- John Factor (1892–1984), British-American Prohibition-era gangster
- Factor (producer), Canadian hip hop artist
- FACTOR, the Foundation to Assist Canadian Talent on Records
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