Facts on the ground
Facts on the ground is a diplomatic and geopolitical term that means the situation in reality as opposed to in the abstract.
The term was popularised in the 1970s in discussions of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict to refer to Israeli settlements built in the occupied West Bank, which were intended to establish permanent Israeli footholds in Palestinian territory.
Rashid Khalidi wrote in 2010:
One reason Israel continues to build settlements is that, according to the so-called Clinton parameters laid down in 2000, a final Israeli–Palestinian agreement would grant sovereignty over Jewish-occupied areas to Israel, and Palestinian-inhabited areas to the new Palestinian state. Indeed, well over a decade of failed negotiations have only led to an acceleration of Israel’s land grab in the Holy City. Israeli planners have spent this time pushing settlers into heavily Arab-inhabited areas of the city, such as Sheikh Jarrah, Silwan, and Abu Dis, in order to create fresh "facts on the ground"—a tactic used by the Zionist movement for over a century in order to obtain control over more and more of Palestine.
- Fait accompli
- De facto
- Status quo ante bellum
- Ex factis jus oritur
- Operation Uvda
- Ground truth
- ^ , Berridge & Lloyd 2012, p. 105.
- ^ Blok & Lardinois 2006, p. 442.
- ^ Rosen 2007.
- ^ Khalidi 2010.
- Berridge, G.R.; Lloyd, Lorna (2012), The Palgrave Macmillan Dictionary of Diplomacy, Palgrave Macmillan, p. 105, ISBN 978-1-137-01760-4
- Blok, Josine; Lardinois, A. P. M. H. (2006), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches, Brill, p. 442, ISBN 978-90-04-14954-0
- Khalidi, Rashid (April 2010), "Bad Faith in the Holy City", Foreign Policy
- Koffka, Kurt (1946) , The Growth of the Mind: An Introduction to Child Psychology, Transaction Publishers, p. 284, ISBN 978-1-4128-3711-8
- Rosen, David (Fall 2007), "Searching for 'Facts' on the Ground", The Current, archived from the original on 2008-02-15
Gershom Gorenberg, The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements, 1967-1977, Macmillan, 2006