Family of Barrau

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The name Barrau is a patronymic of Gallo-Roman origin. This name is relatively common in Europe. It appears as Barro in Spain and in Portugal; Barrow in England; and as variations such as Barrau, Barreau, Barrot, Barraud and Barraux in France.[1]


The Gaulish root Barr means an obstacle, or a place with difficult access. Gaulish language belongs to the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family.


In the 13th century, the family name was recorded in Rouergue. In the 16th century, the family's social standing improved with privileges and responsibilities such as formal qualification into the ranks of the nobility; ritualized homage and patronage to other noble families; service in the armies of the King; church privileges; payment of noble capitation and other taxes reserved for the nobility; and an established pattern of significant familial alliances. In the 18th century, titles of nobility such as Marquis of Carmaux and Baron of Jouqueviel were associated with the name.

Barraus of note[edit]

Guyon de Barrau (1613-1703)[edit]

On 19 September 1699, Lepelletier de La Houssaye, an official of Montauban recorded the nobility of Guyon de Barrau based on evidence from 1536 and 1539.

Pierre de Barrau de Caplongue (1731-1816)[edit]

Pierre de Barrau de Caplongue was a musketeer in the second company of the King Louis XV. He was then made a captain of dragons. In 1789, he was one of the authors of the official Book of Complaints and Remonstrations concerning the nobility of the Seneschalsy of Rodez. On 24 July 1789, he became secretary of the Order of Authors in Rodez. In 1792, he migrated to Germany.

Pierre de Barrau de Saint-Igest (1736-1788)[edit]

Pierre de Barrau de Saint-Igest was a bodyguard of the King Louis XV of France.

Jean Antoine de Barrau (1737-1795)[edit]

In 1765, by lettre de cachet, Jean Antoine de Barrau secured his wife, Pauline de Solages, in a convent. The brother of Pauline, was imprisoned in the Bastille in a dungeon close to that of the marquis de Sade. On 14 July 1789, the brother was released in triumph by the people of Paris.

Pierre Fermin Marie de Barrau (1761-1829)[edit]

Pierre Fermin Marie de Barrau the was bodyguard of King Louis XVI. His family suffered with imprisonment during the French revolution. On 1 November 1793, republicans set ablaze the family castle. The family's chattels were plundered. Pierre Firmin Marie de Barrau had to hide to escape the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Hippolyte de Barrau (1794-1863)[edit]

Hippolyte de Barrau attended the specialist military school of Saint-Cyr. He became the bodyguard of the King Louis XVIII. He was an officer of the cavalry and fought in duels. He was a chevalier of the Legion of Honour, and a Chevaliers de la Foi (a Defender of the Faith). Hippolyte de Barrau was the founder and author of the Gazette Rouergue, a Legitimist newspaper (1831 to 1836). He was an historian and a genealogist. Hippolyte became the adviser and then the secretary-general of the Prefecture of Aveyron. In 1836, he became the founding president of the Company of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron (a local group promoting the development of Aveyron).

Theodore Henri Barrau (1794 - 1865)[edit]

Theodore Henri Barrau was an author and publisher. He was born in Toulouse on 18 October 1794 and died in Paris on 19 May 1865.[2] He held positions in colleges Niort and Chaumont in the field of education.[2] Theodore Henri Barrau authored a number of works such as Tales of Filial Love (1865)[3] and educational texts for teachers.[2]

Victor de Barrau (1796-1825)[edit]

Victor de Barrau was a bodyguard of King Louis XVIII, chouan.

Eugène de Barrau (1801-1887)[edit]

Eugène de Barrau was a lawyer, historian and a vice-president of the Society of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron. He was founder and an author of the Echo of Aveyron legitimist newspaper. He was principal leader of the Legitimist movement in Aveyron. In 1852, Eugène de Barrau completed a secret mission about Henri, Count of Chambord.

Adolphe de Barrau (1803-1884)[edit]

Adolphe de Barrau graduated from the school of medicine at the University of Montpellier. He was a surgeon in the Royal Navy, and in June 1830, he participated in the French conquest of Algeria. He was a member of the Society of Natural History of Montpellier and of the Botanical Society of France. Adolphe de Barrau was one of the founders and a member of the Society of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron and a general adviser. In 1839 and 1840, as a naturalist and botanist, he was a member of the scientific commission of exploration of Algeria which was chaired by Colonel Bory de Saint-Vincent. On his return to France, Adolphe de Barrau corresponded with other scientists of his day, such Marcel de Serres, Dunal, Moquin-Tandon, Bory de Saint-Vincent, and Girou de Buzareingues.

Fernand de Barrau (1851-1938)[edit]

Fernand de Barrau was a lawyer, historian, agronomist, and a writer of the Journal of Aveyron newspaper. He was Catholic and a royalist. Fernand de Barrau was member of the Society of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron and a member of the central Company of Agriculture of Aveyron.

Jean de Barrau (1889-1914)[edit]

Jean de Barrau was a member of the management committee of the national federation of the street pedlars of the king, and personal secretary to Philippe, Duke of Orléans.

Paul de Barrau (1891-1916)[edit]

Paul de Barrau was a founder and president of the group Action Française of Rodez in 1909.


  • Puis, Auguste. Letters of cachet in Toulouse at the eighteenth century, according to the documents preserved at the Files of Haute-Garonne.
  • Chérin 15 and French manuscrit 32296 National Library of France,
  • Hippolyte de Barrau, History families of Rouergue
  • Henry Bedel, Three historians of Barrau
  • Dondin-Payre, Monique. Scientific Commission of exploration of Algeria: was an ignored heiress of the Commission of Egypt.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Barreau Surname database Accessed 3 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Defedon C. Theodore Henri Barrau. French Institute of Education website. Accessed 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ Barrau T. Tales of filial Love Darton and Hodge, 1865. Original from Oxford University. Accessed at Google Books 7 October 2015.

External links[edit]