|Member of the Victorian Parliament
11 June 1938 – 10 October 1948
|Preceded by||William Brownbill|
|Succeeded by||Edward Montgomery|
|Born||Fanny Eileen Alford
28 April 1890
|Died||10 October 1948
Geelong, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||Australian Labor Party|
|Religion||Church of Christ|
Fanny Eileen Brownbill (28 April 1890 – 10 October 1948) was an Australian state politician, serving as the Labor Party Member for Geelong, Victoria, serving from 1938 until her death in 1948. Brownbill was the first woman to win a seat for Labor in Victoria.
Early life and career
Brownbill was born Fanny Alford, the youngest of seven children, in Modewarre, Victoria, to an Australian father, James Alford, and English mother, Ann Abbot. In 1913, she became a housekeeper to William Brownbill, a baker and widower with four children. They married in 1920, and that same year, William entered Parliament as the Labor Member for Geelong in the Legislative Assembly. He served again after an electoral defeat, in total serving 15 years as the MLA for Geelong.
Upon William's death while in office in 1938, Fanny contested the seat, winning comfortably, and became the first Labor woman to win a parliamentary seat in Victoria, the first woman elected from a non-metropolitan area, and the second Labor woman to do so in Australia. She served for ten years until 1948, when she died suffering from heart disease.
Brownbill's particular political passions were the welfare of women, children and the aged. In her maiden speech, she spoke of a mother's life of sacrifice, and urged the Railways Commissioners to allow perambulators on the railways. One of her many achievements was the establishment of Grace McKellar House, a nursing home for the elderly, which is still operating today.
Her by-election was, at times, dramatically fought, with statements from the leader of the United Australia Party, the conservative party of the day, claiming that women were not suited to politics. From The Argus newspaper: "Speaking in support of Mr R. H. Weddell, the endorsed U.A.P. candidate for the Geelong seat, at Geelong West on Monday, the Federal Treasurer (Mr. Casey) expressed doubt whether there was a place for women in politics...'If there is a place for women in politics,' added Mr Casey, 'it is probably in the Legislative Council or in the Senate, where things are quieter and the old gentlemen occasionally drowse into their beards. My advice is, however good a woman may be, to stick to a man for what has always been recognised in the past to be a man's job." – The Argus, 1 June 1938.
Brownbill fought back, stating: "As for his remark that he doubted whether any woman, intellectually of otherwise, could stand up to men of equal ability, it is so audacious and conceited that it almost takes my breath away. What a high opinion Mr Casey has of men, and what a low one of women."
From 1943 to 1948 she was the sole female Member of Parliament after Country/Independent Ivy Weber resigned. After Brownbill's death in 1948, she was described by Acting Premier John McDonald as "...the embodiment of tolerance. Her charming personality had endeared her to all in the chamber, irrespective of the party." In addition, both Mr William Galvin  and Mr Trevor Oldham  gave glowing tributes to Mrs Brownbill  It was nearly 20 years before another woman was elected to the Victorian Parliament, when Dorothy Goble won the seat of Mitcham in 1967.
- Thomas, Joanne. "Brownbill, Fanny Eileen (1890–1948)". Australian National University. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- Browne, Geoff. "Brownbill, William". Library Committee, Parliament of Victoria. Victorian Government Printing Office. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- FitzHerbert, Margaret (2004). Liberal women: Federation--1949. Federation Press. p. 305.
- "STATE PARLIAMENT LOSES ONLY WOMAN MEMBER.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956). Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 11 October 1948. p. 7. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- "WOMEN IN POLITICS.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956). Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 1 June 1938. p. 6. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- Fanny Brownbill's Inaugural Speech to Parliament, Parliament of Victoria.
- Browne, Geoff. "Galvin, (Leslie) William". Library Committee, Parliament of Victoria. Victorian Government Printing Office. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- Browne, Geoff. "Oldham, Trevor". Library Committee, Parliament of Victoria. Victorian Government Printing Office. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- "Obituary". The Age. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- Browne, Geoff. "Goble, Dorothy Ada". Library Committee, Parliament of Victoria. Victorian Government Printing Office. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
|Victorian Legislative Assembly|
|Member for Geelong