Calcanhar Lighthouse

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Calcanhar Lighthouse
Calcanhar Lighthouse.jpg
Calcanhar Lighthouse, 2008
Calcanhar Lighthouse is located in Brazil
Calcanhar Lighthouse
Brazil
Location Touros
Rio Grande do Norte
Brazil
Coordinates 5°9′40.06″S 35°29′11.34″W / 5.1611278°S 35.4864833°W / -5.1611278; -35.4864833Coordinates: 5°9′40.06″S 35°29′11.34″W / 5.1611278°S 35.4864833°W / -5.1611278; -35.4864833
Year first constructed 1912 (first)
1937 (second)[1]
Year first lit 1943 (current)
Construction concrete tower (current)
cast iron tower (first and second)
Tower shape tapered cylindrical tower strengthened by four vertical ribs and lantern
Markings / pattern tower with black and white horizontal bands
Height 62 metres (203 ft) (current)
50 metres (160 ft) (first)
52 metres (171 ft) (second)
Focal height 74 metres (243 ft)
Range 38 nautical miles (70 km; 44 mi) [2]
Characteristic Fl W 10s.
Admiralty number G0164
NGA number 110-17836
ARLHS number BRA-035, BRA-258

Calcanhar Lighthouse (Portuguese: Farol do Calcanhar), also known as Touros Lighthouse and formerly named Olhos D'Agua[3], is an active lighthouse in Touros, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. At a height of 203 feet (62 m) it is the nineteenth tallest "traditional lighthouse" in the world, as well as the tallest in Brazil, and one of the tallest concrete lighthouses in the world.[4][5][6]

Location[edit]

The lighthouse is strategically placed on the beach of the Ponta de Calcanhar, near Touros, where the Brazilian coast forms a right angle, known as “Esquina do Brasil” (corner of Brazil) or "Esquina do Continente" (corner of the continent), near the northern end of the great curve of the cape of São Roque, the northeastern shoulder of South America. It alerts ships to a coral reef located about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) offshore.[7] A spiral staircase of 277 steps leads to an observation platform; a 21-step ladder leads to the light.[7]

The site also includes several one-story lighthouse keeper's houses and the light station has a resident keeper. The site is open, and the tower is open to the public daily 9 am to 11 am.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to The Lighthouse Directory. "Perobas - Touros" says 1908.
  2. ^ According to List of Lights. "Perobas - Touros" says "22 nautical miles (about 37 km)" which is an incorrect unit translation.
  3. ^ "Farol Calcanhar" [Calcanhar Lighthouse] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "The Tallest Lighthouses". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  5. ^ Farol do Calcanhar em Touros (RN) - Destino Aventura
  6. ^ Serviço de Sinalização Náutica do Nordeste
  7. ^ a b "Perobas - Touros". natalonline.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 13 August 2010. 

External links[edit]