Federal lands

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Federal lands are lands in the United States for which ownership is claimed by the U.S. federal government, pursuant to Article Four, section 3, clause 2 of the United States Constitution.[1] As of March 2012, out of the 2.27 billion acres in the country, about 28% of the total was owned by the Federal government according to the Interior Department.[2] The United States Supreme Court has upheld the broad powers of the federal government to deal with federal lands, for example having unanimously held in Kleppe v. New Mexico[3] that "the complete power that Congress has over federal lands under this clause necessarily includes the power to regulate and protect wildlife living there, state law notwithstanding."[1]

Ownership of Federal lands in the 50 states, including subsurface rights.

Primary federal land holders[edit]

Laws regarding federal lands[edit]

Proposed laws[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Paul Rodgers, United States Constitutional Law: An Introduction (2011), p. 100-101.
  2. ^ Lipton, Eric, and Clifford Krauss, "Giving Reins to the States Over Drilling", New York Times, August 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
  3. ^ Kleppe v. New Mexico, 426 U.S. 529 (1976).
  4. ^ "H.R. 697 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "CBO - H.R. 697". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "CBO - H.R. 2259". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Scott, Tristan (30 March 2013). "Daines to introduce legislation protecting North Fork Flathead". Missoulian. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Frye, Katrin (31 January 2014). "A major step towards protection of the North Fork Flathead River". Montana Public Radio. Retrieved 4 March 2014.