Fellowship (medicine)

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A Fellowship is the period of medical training, in the United States and Canada, that a physician or dentist may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency). During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a Fellow. Fellows are capable of acting as an Attending Physician or a Consultant Physician in the generalist field in which they were trained, such as Internal Medicine or Pediatrics. After completing a Fellowship in the relevant sub-specialty, the Physician is permitted to practice without direct supervision by other physicians in that sub-specialty, such as Cardiology or Oncology.

United States[edit]

In the USA, the majority of fellowships are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ("ACGME"). There are a few programs that are not accredited, yet are actually well received, given the importance of being a Board Certified Physician in a primary specialty, where a Fellowship is often more based on research productivity.[1]

ACGME Fellowships[edit]

The following are organized based on specialty required for the fellowship.

Internal Medicine or Pediatrics[edit]

General Surgery[edit]

[2]

  • Complex General Surgical Oncology
  • Hand Surgery
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Surgery Critical Care
  • Vascular Surgery
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery
  • Abdominal Transplant Surgery

ObGyn[edit]

[3] [4]

  • Gynecologic Oncology
  • Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery1
  • Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology1

1 Not officially recognized as a subspecialty by the American Board of Obstetrics/Gynecology or the American College of Obstetrics/Gynecologists.

Ophthalmology[edit]

  • Cornea
  • Glaucoma
  • Medical retina
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery
  • Oncology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatric
  • Refractive
  • Uveitis
  • Vitreoretinal surgery

Urology[edit]

  • Pediatric
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery

Orthopaedic[edit]

  • Hand
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Spine
  • Foot and Ankle
  • Joint replacement
  • Trauma
  • Oncology[5]

Other[edit]

Combined fellowships[edit]

There are a number of programs offering a combined fellowship, training in two or more sub-specialties as part of a single program.

  • Pulmonary/Critical Care: this type of program is more common than Pulmonary Disease (non-combination) programs. As of 2007, there were 130 ACGME-accredited combined Pulmonary/Critical Care programs while only 25 programs for Pulmonary Disease alone.
  • Hematology/Oncology: as of 2005, there were 125 ACGME-accredited programs for Hematology-Oncology, while only 12 programs for Hematology alone and 18 for Oncology alone.
  • Geriatrics/Oncology: the American Board of Internal Medicine approved a 3-year combined fellowship training program in medical oncology and geriatrics. The John A. Hartford Foundation initially funded 10 institutions for this type of training.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Residencies & Fellowships - Graduate Medical Education - Stanford University School of Medicine". med.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  2. ^ "Surgery". www.acgme.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Obstetrics / Gynecology Match - The Match, National Resident Matching Program". The Match, National Resident Matching Program. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  4. ^ "Obstetrics and Gynecology". www.acgme.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  5. ^ "What are the surgical specialties?". American College of Surgeons. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 

External links[edit]