3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||596.27 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Ferroin is the chemical compound with the formula [Fe(o-phen)3]SO4, where o-phen is an abbreviation for 1,10-phenanthroline, a bidentate ligand. The term "ferroin" is used loosely and includes salts of other anions such as chloride.
|Phenanthroline Fe(II) (Redox indicator)|
|E0= 1.06 V|
This coordination compound is used as an indicator in analytical chemistry. The active ingredient is the [Fe(o-phen)3]2+ ion, which is a chromophore that can be oxidized to the ferric derivative [Fe(o-phen)3]3+. The potential for this redox change is +1.06 volts in 1 M H2SO4. It is a popular redox indicator for making oscillatory Belousov–Zhabotinsky reactions visible.
Nitroferroin, the complex of iron(II) with 5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline, has transition potential of +1.25 volts. It is more stable than ferroin, but in sulfuric acid with Ce4+ ion it requires significant excess of the titrant. It is however useful for titration in perchloric acid or nitric acid solution, where cerium redox potential is higher.
Ferroin sulfate may be prepared by combining phenanthroline to ferrous sulfate in water.
- 3 phen + Fe2+ → [Fe(phen)3]2+
The iron is low spin and octahedral with D3 symmetry. The intense color of this ferrous complex arises from a metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transition.
- Harris, D. C. Quantitative Chemical Analysis (4th ed.). New York, NY: W. H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-2508-8.