Filopaludina martensi

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Filopaludina martensi
Filopaludina martensi shell.png
Drawing of an apertural view of a shell of Filopaludina martensi
Filopaludina martensi shell 2.png
Abapertural view of a shell
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

informal group Architaenioglossa

Superfamily: Viviparoidea
Family: Viviparidae
Genus: Filopaludina
Subgenus: Siamopaludina
Species: F. martensi
Binomial name
Filopaludina martensi
(Frauenfeld, 1864)[2]
  • Paludina cingulata Martens, 1860[3]
  • Vivipara martensi Frauenfeld, 1864[2]
  • Sinotai ingallsiana Ito, 1962
  • Bellamya ingallsiana Solem, 1966

Filopaludina martensi is a species of large freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae.


The shape of the shell is ovate-conic.[3] The apex is acute and violet-black in colour.[3] The umbilicus of the shell is very narrow.[3] There are fine spiral lines on the shell.[3] The color of the shell is green or dark brown-blackish.[3] The shell has 6-7 convex whorls.[3] Whorls are with upper spiral lines, some are obsolescently sculptured.[3] The last whorl is swollen.[3]

The aperture is oblique, ovately rounded.[3] The aperture is cerulean-white in colour.[3] The upper part of the aperture is not acute.[3] The peristome is straight, thick, blunt, often outwardly blackish.[3]

The width of the shell is up to 31 millimetres (1.2 in).[3] The height of the shell is up to 55 millimetres (2.2 in).[3] The length of the aperture is up to 21 millimetres (0.83 in).[3]

The operculum has the color of horn with golden shining and it is widely ovate. There are concentric lines on the operculum.[3]

Outer side of an operculum 
Inner side of an operculum 


This species was firstly described by Eduard von Martens under the name Paludina cingulata in 1860 based on specimen collected by Henri Mouhot.[3] Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld created a new replacement name Vivipara martensi for this species in 1864, because the name Vivipara cingulata was already used for a fossil species by Pierre Philippe Émile Matheron before.[2]


Three subspecies are recognized,[1] but this species and its subspecies require revision.[1]

  • Filopaludina martensi cambodiensis Brandt, 1974[1]
  • Filopaludina martensi martensi (Frauenfeld, 1864)
  • Filopaludina martensi munensis Brandt, 1974[1]


This species is found in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam.[1] The type locality is "Siam" (a detailed type locality was not given).[3]


Filopaludina martensi lives in canals and ponds.[4] It feeds (as do all other Viviparidae) as a filter feeder.[4] There are in development 0-14 juveniles in a brood-pouch of a female.[5] Female gave birth to juveniles mainly at night.[5] Parasites of Filopaludina martensi martensi include:

Human use[edit]

Filopaludina martensi is used as part of the cuisine of Thailand.[4]


  • This article incorporates public domain text from Martens, 1860
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Köhler F., Sri-aroon P. & Simonis J. (2012). "Filopaludina martensi". In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <>. Downloaded on 9 November 2012.
  2. ^ a b c (German) von Frauenfeld G. R. (1864). "Verzeichnis der Namen der fossilen und lebenden Arten der Gattung Paludina Lam.". Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 14: 561-672. page 588.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Martens E. v. (1860). "On the Mollusca of Siam". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860(1): 6-18, page 13.
  4. ^ a b c Piyatiratitivorakul, Piansiri; Boonchamoi, Pachanee (2008). ScienceAsia 34 (4): 367. doi:10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2008.34.367.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Berry, A. J. (2009). "Reproductive condition in two Malayan freshwater viviparid gastropods". Journal of Zoology 174 (3): 357. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1974.tb03163.x. .
  6. ^ Yaemput, S; Dekumyoy, P; Visiassuk, K (1994). "The natural first intermediate host of Paragonimus siamensis (Miyazaki and Wykoff, 1965) in Thailand". The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 25 (2): 284–90. PMID 7855641. 
  7. ^ Noikong, W.; Wongsawad, C.; Chai, J.-Y.; Saenphet, S.; Trudgett, A. (2014). "Molecular Analysis of Echinostome Metacercariae from Their Second Intermediate Host Found in a Localised Geographic Region Reveals Genetic Heterogeneity and Possible Cryptic Speciation". PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8 (4): e2778. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002778. 

External links[edit]