Floyd E. Romesberg

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Floyd E. Romesberg
Known forDNA
Human genome
Synthetic genomics
Scientific career
FieldsBiologist, Geneticist
InstitutionsScripps Research Institute
WebsiteRomesberg Lab

Floyd E. Romesberg is an American biotechnologist, biochemist, and geneticist at Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, California. He is known for leading the team that created the first Unnatural Base Pair (UBP), thus expanding the genetic alphabet of four letters to six in 2012,[1] the first semi-synthetic organism in 2014,[2][3] and the first functional semi-synthetic organism that can reproduce its genetic material in successive offspring, in 2017.[4]

Awards and nominations[edit]


  1. ^ Malyshev, Denis A.; Dhami, Kirandeep; Quach, Henry T.; Lavergne, Thomas; Ordoukhanian, Phillip (24 July 2012). "Efficient and sequence-independent replication of DNA containing a third base pair establishes a functional six-letter genetic alphabet". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109 (30): 12005–12010. Bibcode:2012PNAS..10912005M. doi:10.1073/pnas.1205176109. PMC 3409741. PMID 22773812. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
  2. ^ Malyshev; et al. (7 May 2014). "A Semi-Synthetic Organism with an Expanded Genetic Alphabet". Nature. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  3. ^ Andrew Pollack (May 7, 2014). "Scientists Add Letters to DNA's Alphabet, Raising Hope and Fear". New York Times. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ Chris Jennewein (29 November 2017). "Scripps Research Creates First 'Semi-Synthetic' E. Coli Bacteria". Times of San Diego. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  5. ^ https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/funding-and-awards/awards/national/bytopic/nobel-laureate-signature-award-for-graduate-education-in-chemistry.html
  6. ^ "Scripps Research chemist receives prestigious Royal Society of Chemistry Award". 8 May 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.

External links[edit]