|Illustrations by Joseph Wolf (1864)|
A. Newton, 1865
The Rodrigues fody (Foudia flavicans) is a rare species of bird in the weaver family. It is endemic to Rodrigues, an island of Mauritius. It is classified by BirdLife International as being vulnerable. It is also on the United States' Endangered Species List with an endangered status.
This bird is 12 to 13 cm long. It is yellow with an orange face and brown back, wings, and tail.
The bird can be found in the canopy at heights of at least 5 metres, and sometimes travels in flocks. It may be associated with the Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) and some introduced species of plants. More birds are found in areas with more dense stands of taller trees and higher diversity of tree species. It feeds on insects, spiders, seeds, nectar, and fruit.
Once abundant on the island, the bird was nearly driven to extinction with only 5 or 6 pairs remaining by 1968. Due to conservation efforts its numbers rose to between 911 and 1200 individuals by the year 1999.
The main threat to the species is the destruction of its forest habitat. The forest was cleared for subsistence farming and livestock. The bird also competes with its introduced relative, the Madagascar red fody (Foudia madagascariensis). Cyclones and drought reduce the food supply.
- BirdLife International (2013). "Foudia flavicans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- BirdLife International Species Fact Sheet
- USFWS. Addition of 30 African birds to list of endangered and threatened wildlife. Federal Register January 12, 1995.
- Impey, A. J., et al. (2002). Population recovery of the threatened endemic Rodrigues fody (Foudia flavicans) (Aves, Ploceidae) following reforestation. Biological Conservation 107(3) 299-305.
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