Françoise-Louise de Warens

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Françoise-Louise de Warens
The house where Jean-Jacques Rousseau lived with Mme de Warens in 1735-6. Now a museum dedicated to Rousseau.

Françoise-Louise de Warens, born Louise Éléonore de la Tour du Pil, also called Madame de Warens (31 March 1699[1] – 29 July 1762[2]), was the benefactress and mistress of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Warens was born in Vevey, into a Swiss Protestant family who had immigrated to Annecy, but became a Roman Catholic in 1726 in order to receive a church pension which had been instated to increase the spread of Roman Catholicism near Geneva, then a bastion of Protestantism.

A controversial figure, she was known to have led a liberal life for a woman of her time. She annulled her marriage to M. de Warens in 1726 after failing in a clothing business. Rousseau met her for the first time on Palm Sunday 1728. It was said that she was a spy and a converter for Savoy, then part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Though Warens was originally a teacher to Rousseau, they became sexually engaged after she openly initiated him in the matters of love and "intimacy." Françoise-Louise de Warens died in poverty in 1762 in Chambéry, of which Rousseau did not learn until six years afterwards. Rousseau describes his relationship with her in his Confessions.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Albert Gonthier, Montreux et ses hôtes illustres, éditions Cabedita, 1999, ISBN 978-2-88295-267-7, p. 19, [1]
  2. ^ Les confessions, de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, éd. intégrale publiée sur le texte autographe conservé à la Bibliothèque de Genève, précédée d'une introduction et suivie de notes et d'un index, Publié par Garnier frères, 1930, note n° 135, page 240, voir [2]