Francis Buckle, 1831 engraving by William Camden Edwards
|Major racing wins|
|British Classic Race wins:|
1,000 Guineas (1818, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1827)
2,000 Guineas (1810, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1827)
Epsom Derby (1792, 1794, 1802, 1811, 1823)
Epsom Oaks (1797, 1798, 1799, 1802, 1803, 1805, 1817, 1818, 1823)
St Leger (1800, 1804)
|Arab, Bellina, Bellissima, Champion, Corinne, Daedalus, Emilius, Hephestion, John Bull, Meteora, Neva, Nike, Pastille, Phantom, Pindarrie, Reginald, Rowena, Sancho, Scotia, Theophania, Turcoman, Tyrant, Whizgig, Zeal, Zinc|
Francis Buckle (1766–1832), also known as Frank Buckle and known to the British horse racing public as "The Governor", was an English jockey, who has been described as "the jockey non-pareil" of the opening quarter of the 19th century, and the man who "brought respectability to race-riding". He won at least 27 British Classic Races during his career, a record which would not be beaten for over 150 years.
Buckle was born to a saddler in Newmarket. His parents died when he was 12, and he was brought up by an aunt. He started racing at the stables of Richard Vernon, making his first appearance in May 1783 at the age of 16. He rode a bay colt called Wolf, and met the scales weighing only 3 st 13 lbs (25 kg). His mentor was Sam Chifney, from who he learnt his customary riding style - holding his horse up for a late run.
His first win in one of the English Classics came in 1792, riding Lord Grosvenor's colt John Bull, who he thought was the best horse he ever rode. Grosvenor would provide Buckle with three more Classic winners - Daedalus in the 1794 Derby, Nike in the 1797 Oaks and Bellina in the 1799 Oaks.
After Grosvenor's death, Buckle formed a profitable partnership with the leading trainer of the time, Robert Robson. With Robson, and his main owners the 3rd and 4th Dukes of Grafton, Buckle won at least another eleven Classics, the unnamed jockey who rode the 1819 and 1825 1,000 Guineas winners also being assumed to be Buckle. In 1800, he won both the St. Leger Stakes and The Derby on Champion. In his career, Buckle rode 27 Classic wins, including 5 Derby winners, 9 Epsom Oaks and 2 St Legers. Besides Lord Grosvenor and the Dukes of Grafton, Buckle also rode for Sir Charles Bunbury and Colonel Mellish.
One of his most famous victories came at the 1799 Craven meeting at Newmarket. Buckle on Hambletonian met Diamond, ridden by Dennis Fitzpatrick, in a 4-mile 1 1/2 furlong match race. The amount bet on the race was without precedent, estimated at 250,000 guineas, and Hambletonian won by half a neck.
His last classics were the two Guineas of 1827, when, aged 60, he won on Arab and Turcoman. His last ride was on Conservator at Newmarket on 6 November 1831. He was still able to ride at 8 st 7 lb (54 kg), although he had to be careful with his weight, sitting down to a traditional dinner of goose only on the last day of the season.
Retirement and death
When he retired, on account of his famous riding stamina, there was a public call for a race between him and the famous sportsman Squire Osbaldeston "to ride for 25 days or till either of them dropped." He was not to enjoy a long retirement. Only months after retiring from the saddle he died on 5 February 1832, "in the esteem of all the racing world." He is buried in the Orton Longueville parish churchyard, beneath a tomb carrying the inscription:
No better rider ever crossed a horse;
Honour his guide, he died without remorse.
Jockeys attend - from his example learn
The meed that honest worth is sure to earn.
His outside hobbies revolved around his farm at Orton Longueville. He bred cattle, greyhounds, bulldogs and fighting cocks. He would also ride with the Hertfordshire Hounds, although he was known for falling at every jump. He was invariably seen accompanied by his bulldog.
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes - (6) - Corinne (1818), Rowena (1820), Zeal (1821), Whizgig (1822), Zinc (1823), Arab (1827)
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes - (5) - Hephestion (1810), Pindarrie (1820), Reginald (1821), Pastille (1822), Turcoman (1827)
- Epsom Derby - (5) - John Bull (1792), Daedalus (1794), Tyrant (1802), Phantom (1811), Emilius (1823)
- Epsom Oaks - (9) - Nike (1797), Bellissima (1798), Bellina (1799), Scotia (1802), Theophania (1803), Meteora (1805), Neva (1817), Corinne (1818), Zinc (1823)
- St Leger - (2) - Champion (1800), Sancho (1804)
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 15.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 14.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 25.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 26.
- Mortimer, Onslow & Willett 1978, p. 87.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 30.
- The History of Race Riding and the Jockeys' Guild. Turner Publishing Company. 15 June 1999. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 27.
- Tanner & Cranham 1992, p. 31.
- Brailsford, Dennis. "Buckle, Francis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52816. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Tanner, Michael; Cranham, Gerry (1992). Great Jockeys of the Flat. Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-989-7.