Francis Gathorne-Hardy

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Sir Francis Gathorne-Hardy
Born14 January 1874
Died21 August 1949 (aged 75)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
RankGeneral
UnitSecond Boer War
Great War
Second World War
Commands heldNorthern Command
Aldershot Command
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order

General the Honourable Sir John Francis Gathorne-Hardy, GCB, GCVO, CMG, DSO (14 January 1874 – 21 August 1949) was a British First World War General officer who served in Italy and the Western Front.

Background and early life[edit]

Gathorne-Hardy was born in 1874, a younger son of John Stewart Gathorne-Hardy, 2nd Earl of Cranbrook and Cicely Marguerite Wilhelmina Ridgway. He was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.[1]

Military career[edit]

Gathorne-Hardy joined the British Army as a commissioned second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards on 10 October 1894, and was promoted to lieutenant on 1 January 1898.[1] In early February 1900 he was seconded for special service in South Africa,[2] where he was involved with Army transport duties during the Second Boer War.[3] He was promoted to captain on 2 May 1900.[1] During later stages of the war he served with the Lovat Scouts, and only left South Africa after the war had ended, in July 1902.[4] For his service in the war he received the brevet rank of major on 22 August 1902.[5] Following his return he was appointed Superintendent of Gymnasia in the Home District.[6]

He served as a General Staff Officer in the First World War.[1] After commands as a General in Egypt and India, he was Commander in Chief at Northern Command from 1931 to 1933 and at Aldershot Command from 1933 to 1937.[1]

Family[edit]

Gathorne-Hardy married Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley, daughter of Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby and Lady Constance Villiers, on 10 December 1898.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ "No. 27165". The London Gazette. 16 February 1900. p. 1077.
  3. ^ "The War - appointments". The Times (36048). London. 25 January 1900. p. 10.
  4. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36836). London. 2 August 1902. p. 6.
  5. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6900.
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36901). London. 17 October 1902. p. 8.
  7. ^ The peerage.com
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Cameron Shute
GOC-in-C Northern Command
1931–1933
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Wardrop
Preceded by
Sir Charles Harington
GOC-in-C Aldershot Command
1933 – 1937
Succeeded by
Sir John Dill