Francis Louis Barrallier (19 October 1773 – 11 June 1853) was a French-born explorer of Australia.
Life and career
Francis Barrallier was the eldest son of Jean-Louis Barrallier, a French marine engineer and Royalist supporter who escaped to the United Kingdom in 1793 during the Siege of Toulon by the Republicans. Francis arrived in Australia in April 1800 and in July 1800 the Governor of New South Wales, Philip Gidley King, appointed him as an ensign in the New South Wales Corps. He was made engineer and artillery officer in August 1801.
His first assignment was to design the Parramatta orphan asylum building. In March 1801 he sailed with Lieutenant James Grant in the HMS Lady Nelson to further explore Bass Strait, and was responsible for the charting of Western Port and other parts of the coast. Barrallier's work on the maps of Jervis Bay, Western Port and some of Bass Strait were recognised by Governor Philip Gidley King, who made him engineer and artillery officer in the Corps.
In October–November 1802 he was directed by Governor King to try to find a way over Blue Mountains to the west of Sydney. He travelled about 140 miles in seven weeks, but had to turn back – at one stage due to unfriendly Aborigines, and later due to a lack of supplies. He did not succeed in crossing the range. His finishing point was "towards the head of Christy's Creek, about 15 or 16 miles in a direct line southerly from Jenolan Caves".
In the May 1803 he resigned from the New South Wales Corps and left for England. Other examples of his work in Sydney included the design of the fort on Observatory Hill (used as a signal station in the 1850s) and plans for the first vessel built in Sydney.
He was made a captain in 1812. He spent some years making a military survey of the island of Barbados, was present at the capture of Guadaloupe in 1814, and was appointed surveyor-general of the island. Barrallier returned to England in 1819. He died in London on 11 June 1853.
- H. J. Steward (August 2006). "A Life in Context" (PDF). International Cartographic Association. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "'Why Your Street is Named Barrallier'". The Canberra Times. 6 March 1954. p. 4. Retrieved 25 April 2009.
- Barrallier, Francis; Grant, James (1801), Chart of Western Port and connections of it with Wilson's Promontory : forming a part of the north side of Bass's Straits, retrieved 16 May 2017
- Barrallier, Francis (1801), Coal harbour and rivers on the coast of New South Wales surveyed by Ensign Barrallier in the Lady Nelson in June and July 1801 [with] remarks on Hunter's River, retrieved 16 May 2017
- Serle (1949)
- "Barrallier". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 June 2009.