Francisco Ciutat de Miguel
Francisco Ciutat de Miguel (1909 – November 30, 1986) (known as Angelito) was a Spanish communist Lieutenant of infantry and Commander. He fought the Battle of Santander during the Spanish Civil War in the summer of 1937 as a Chief of Operations of the Army of the North.
After the end of the Civil War, de Miguel fled to the Soviet Union where he joined the Voroshilov Academy and married Sofía Kokuina. He later participated as a foreign military advisor to the Cuban Army during the Bay of Pigs Invasion. He also assisted the Algerian Army against Morocco during the Sand War and participated in the Vietnam War.
Ciutat de Miguel had many aliases:
- Masonic name: Algazel
- Russian name: Pavel Pablovich Stepanov
- Cuban alias: Ángel Martínez Riosola
- Short name: Paco
- Commonly referred to as Angelito
- Relatos y reflexiones de la Guerra de España 1936-1939 - Francisco Ciutat de Miguel. Forma Ediciones. Madrid 1978. (in Spanish)
References and notes
- "Zona de guerra: Espana y la revolucion cubana (1960–1962)". Duke University Press. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Aub, Max (2000). Campo de los almendros. Editorial Castalia. p. 204. ISBN 84-7039-858-X.
- "Batalla de Santander". OdB GCE. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Memoria republicana". Archived from the original on 2007-02-18. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Un hombre que tuvo tres nombres". Mercedes Rodríguez García. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- ""Te llamarás Ángel, Ángel Martínez Riosola" (given by Fidel Castro)". Mercedes Rodríguez García. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
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