Frank Vance Strauss
He was born 04 Jan 1873 in Columbus, Ohio to Nathan Strauss and Hanna Strauss nee Heilberg. He later changed his name to Frank Vance Storrs. He married Amanda Mayer 18 Sep 1906 in Cleveland Ohio. They had two daughters, Carolyn Mayer Storrs and Anne Mayer Storrs. He died 09 Mar 1939 at age 66 in West Palm Beach, Florida.
Strauss began by collecting ads for the Madison Square Theatre and transformed the programme from a four page leaflet into a magazine playbill that included advertisements along with the credits. Strauss began his work in 1884, and a year later recruited companies like Caswell Massey, Runkel Brothers Cocoa, and Schirmer Pianos to be advertised in his programs.:279 In 1891, Strauss merged with his main competitor and, by 1905, standardized the "design and layout of the programs so that the makeup would be easier and the sizes of advertising space uniform.":280
Because the programs were made of such a higher quality, audiences were collecting them as souvenirs. Strauss, along with other publishers, started to create albums and leather-bound volumes specifically for collecting programs. In 1918, Strauss sold the company to his nephew, Richard M. Huber. Under Huber the company's name changed to The Magazine Theater Program and, by 1924, was printing 16,000,000 playbills for over 60 theatres. This was the beginning of Huber's monopoly over program printing for Broadway theatres.:280
Although Strauss founded the idea for the magazine playbill, Huber is given credit for starting the New York Theater Program Corporation, which in 1934-35 titled its magazines The Playbill. The Playbill layout varied during this time. The more successful a show the more pages The Playbill contained. Anything Goes was 48 pages while the Post Road was only 12 pages. Advertisements could also subscribe to a specific show and not a whole season. This was evident when advertisements contained the show's title within their ads. During the production of Rain or Shine Rogers Peet Company clothing store placed an ad that read “Rain or shine Scotch Mists are fine. Handsome, stylish overcoats that are wetproof too!”:280 Advertisements were not the only additions to the playbill, but also short articles that discussed fashion, car care, book reviews, interviews, and even jokes.
In 1956, after 70 years as a family company, Huber sold The Playbill to producer and real estate magnate Roger L. Stevens. Stevens changed the name simply to Playbill and no longer allowed a production's image to dominate the cover. Instead, the cover was a generic design with the play's information located inside the Playbill. Public outcry forced Stevens to allow a colorful band to strip across the top of the Playbill with the show's information printed underneath. Over time the colorful band generalized into the yellow strip that is still common in today's Playbill.:281
Theatre playbills have become very valuable articles of information to a city or nation’s cultural history. The current Playbill collects samples of all their publications, which helps researchers understand what genre of theatre was being produced during a particular decade. Unfortunately, a fire destroyed all of Playbill’s theatre listings prior to 1924.
- Theater Playbills and Programs. memory.loc.gov/ammem/vshtml/vsprge.html
- Bordman, Gerald and Thomas Hischak. The Oxford Companion to American Theatre. New York: Oxford Uni. Press, 2004.(p 502)
- Bloom, Ken. Broadway: Its History, People, and Places: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routland, 2004.
- Higgins, Sydney. A History of Playbills and Theatre Programs. www.the-camerino-players.com/playbills/index.html
- Viagas, Robert. Playbill Magazine Celebrates 124 Years in the Biz Sept. 21. www.playbill.com/news/article/133027-Playbill-Magazine-Celebrates-125-Years-in-the-Biz-Sept-21. 21 September 2009
- Botto, Louis. At This Theatre: 100 Years of Broadway Shows, Stories, and Stars. New York: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books, 2002. (p xiii)